The Sou'wester
of the Pacific County Historical Society and Museum
Winter 2006 & Spring 2007, Volume XLII, Number 4 & XLIII, Number 1
Last modified on September 30th, 2008 / Contact the Museum / Web editing done by Brian Davis.
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Volume XLII, Number 4 & Volume XLIII 1                            Winter 2006 & Spring 2007
Celebrating Raymond's Centennial
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A quarterly publication of the Pacific County Historical Society
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ISSN #0038-4984
     Copyright, 2007, by the Pacific County Historical Society.  No portion of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the Society's Editorial Board.

    The Sou'wester is a quarterly publication of the Pacific County Historical Society and Museum.  The Pacific County Historical Society is a non-profit 501(C)(3) organization, located in South Bend, Washington.
       1008 Robert Bush Drive
       P. 0. Box P
       South Bend, WA 98586-0039

     In addition to the Sou'wester, the Society publishes a quarterly newsletter for its members and operates the Pacific County Historical Society Museum in South Bend, Washington.

  • Annual membership fees include Society membership and a subscription to The Sou'wester:
    • Single                                        $25
    • Family and foreign memberships $35
    • International                              $40
    • Contributing                              $50
    • Corporate                                 $100
    • Benefactor                                $200
  • Pacific County Historical Society Board of Directors:
    • Karen Clements
    • Ken Karch
    • Don Corcoran
    • Sue Pattillo
    • Stuart Freese
  • Pacific County Historical Society Officers:
    • Steve Rogers, President
    • Robert Gerwig, Vice President
    • Vincent Shaudys, Secretary
    • Bud Cuffel, Treasurer
    The Pacific County Historical Society welcomes contributions of articles and/or photographs relating to Pacific County history and culture.  Although care will be taken in handling all submitted materials, we assume no legal liability or responsibility for loss or damage.  Materials accepted for publication may be edited for grammar, clarity, and/or length.
Special Thanks
     Well, here’s the “single” issue we promised after the last one.  It is not easy to rein in author Doug Allen so we’re presenting another big magazine.  Actually, I so enjoy working with Doug and admire his skills and hard work that this issue is truly a labor of love.  Doug lives outside Seattle and made numerous trips to South Bend to go over photos and help make tough editing decisions.  It’s no mean feat for him to do so much work.  He dug up many of the photos for this issue.  Thank goodness for e-mail.
     The history of Raymond is rich with great stories and we’ve only scratched the proverbial surface.  Early Raymond was such an intriguing melting pot of immigrants and cultures that there is ample material for at least another Sou’wester, at the very least.
     We’re still behind with our publications in spite of producing three double (more like triple) publications in a row.  There’s another in the works for fall featuring South County history and we’re working hard to catch up and stay on track with 16 to 24 page quarterly issues.
     We have received considerable feedback about the railroad issue.  Your comments and, yes, corrections are appreciated and it’s rewarding to know that our work is read.
     My wife, Denise, has once again provided an invaluable service for us by relentlessly proofreading and cleaning things up and Doug and I are both grateful for her work.
Steve Rogers, PCHS president
Cover Photo:  Louie Kochopulos was a respected early Raymond businessman who owned several establishments throughout town.  A special thanks to his daughter, Cheryl for providing this great photo.
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Celebrating Raymond's Centennial
  1. Stewart Holbrook’s Raymond: Page 2
  2. “A Howling Wilderness”: Page 4
  3. First Street 1907-1957: Page 7
  4. Raymond’s First 55 Years: Page 15
  5. Fred Norman, United States Representative: Page 35
  6. George Reizner, Theatre Man: Page 37
  7. The Guglomo Family, An American Story: Page 38
  8. Gus Asplund, The Mission Club & Raymond Baseball: Page 42
  9. Valma Antilla Koven - A Daughter’s Story: Page 46
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A bird's eye view of Raymond. (PCHS photo) Larger Image
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This photo depicts the early prosperous days of the mill industry in Raymond.  The mill on the left is the Olympic Hardwood mill and the mill with the burner is on the “island” behind what is now Everybody’s Supermarket.  The photo demonstrates just how much steam and smoke there was in the early days. (PCHS #93.22.5) Larger Image
I.  Stewart Holbrook’s Raymond
     In 2000, on the website of the Oregon Cultural Heritage Commission, founder Brian Booth wrote of one of the Pacific Northwest’s finest writers: Stewart Holbrook (1893-1964).  Booth, a lawyer and a literary advocate, described the writer who he considered a combination of Will Rogers, Mark Twain, and H. L. Mencken.
     “By the time of his death, the former logger had become an almost legendary figure for anyone in the Pacific Northwest with an interest in writing, journalism, history, current affairs, or the area’s leading industry, forest products.  His byline in magazines and newspapers, including the Oregonian for 36 years, was known to readers across the country.  Author of three dozen books and one of the nation’s most popular historians and commentators, he taught at Harvard, lectured at Reed College, and was known as the “Lumberjack Boswell.”  He was the nation’s leading spokesperson for what he called the “Far Corner” – Oregon, Washington, and Idaho.  As one scholar recently wrote, “he single-handedly put the region on the literary map in the mid-20th century.”
     Here, from Holbrook’s book Far Corner:  A Personal View of the Pacific Northwest, are his words about Raymond during the depression years ca. 1935.
     Where the railroad that came to tidewater was once a city of five thousand, all of it built either on pilings or on dredged-in land.  Its business district contained several new concrete buildings, but also block on block structures straight out of Western or Yukon fiction; false-front establishments, many with fearsome architectural embellishments, called pool rooms, card rooms, tobacco stores, clothing stores, hotels, rooming houses, sports centers, restaurants, and what not.  A big business on First Street was the retailing of moonshine and homemade beers and wines, all illegal in the days of Prohibition.  The upstairs of many of these places were made into rooms for transients, and there was generally believed to be a chambermaid for every room.
     The juke box had not penetrated Pacific County, but the electric player piano was wellsettled, and the insistent beat of a dozen of these hurdy-gurdies made an evening on First Street memorable, while the tides washed and gurgled underneath the shacks and brought rich aromas to the guests and the customers.  The Raymond sea gulls never slept.  Busy all day, they held convention in the evening, wheeling and darting, screaming high and eerily above the pounding bass of Dardanella, fighting for scraps of food, lighting on window sills to glare at the people inside.
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Looking over Ellis Slough towards Riverdale this aerial photo appears to have been taken in the mid-50’s.  The new Raymond High School gym and Ninth Street Elementary are visible in the center of the photo. (Antilla Collection photo courtesy ARC Photography) Larger Image
     The sidewalks and some of the streets were planks set on stringers supported by piling.  At low tide they were about ten feet above water; and
during the June and December tides they either sank out of sight, or floated off.  They rattled and thumped much of the night as lumber carriers moved over them.  The town was none too well lighted, but it was never really dark; the hot red eyes of the sawdust burners at the mills blinked, then flared and smoked, twenty-four hours a day.  Great seagoing ships steamed in to dock and await cargo.  Two railroads shunted cars the night long in order that siding and flooring and shingles might be loaded next morning.
     …Pioneer smells yet lingered.  Any stranger in the West Side sections of the Northwest, thirty years ago, noted at once the pleasant aroma of wood that permeated most homes.  This came from the fir slabs that were brought in four-foot lengths and piled between sidewalk and street to dry until fall when an army of itinerant power saw men appeared as suddenly and as mysteriously as so many locusts, to cut the slabs into fuel for stove and furnace.  Its mild pungency struck me as a sort of aromatic hospitality.  Nor was the aroma lost when the sawdust burners came into use.  But it disappeared with the newer oil burners.  As with almost all improvements, something was lost as well as gained.  In this case, it was the perfume of the Douglas fir, one of the most comforting smells I know of.
     The whole place was throbbing, fairly bursting with the energy and the urgency I came quickly to associate with pioneering—even sixty years after the covered wagons had ceased to roll.  Raymond, and many another Northwest towns, did not remind me of anything I had known in New England.  I found the rawness and the spirit new and wonderful.
From Stewart Holbrook’s Far Corner. (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1952. pp. 13-14.)
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With the Raymond General Hospital on the left and the Hotel Wakefield on the right, this very early First Street photo is notable for the absence of vehicles and the hole in the plank street in the foreground.  There appears to be a workman’s cart with planks near the hole.  A sign in the street on the right says “E.Abbott Jeweler—Eyes Tested Free.  A vertical “Meat Market” sign is on the left about half way down the block.  (PCHS #8-20-70-2) Larger Image
II.  “A Howling Wilderness”
     Years ago, Pacific County deputy sheriff Ray Wheaton referred to Raymond’s First Street as a “howling wilderness.”  That it may have been, but it was also home, office, and dining room for many of the city’s residents.
     The street has never been more than four and a half blocks in length, and in its heyday it could, at times, exude an urban, eclectic aura.  In its heyday, it was a place with a rich ethnic mix of characters: Finns, Poles, Swedes, Swede Finns, Chinese, Lebanese, Lithuanians, Jews, Ossetians (a part of Russia), Latvians, Germans, Austrians, Norwegians, and more.  It was a busy place, cosmopolitan in character, and in its earliest days the social and business center of Raymond.
     Imagine a weekday morning walk down woodplanked First Street in 1920.  There would have been the aroma of fresh baked breads and pastries wafting from the Finn and Greek bakeries, and of the coffee from the Greek coffee house.  Further along, an early bird restaurateur would be picking up special cuts at one of the meat markets.  To be ready for the lunch crowd, the roasts would have to be in the ovens soon.
     The early morning street was a busy place, and in the background, the din of the nearby mill machinery accompanied the chatter of merchants opening their shops, and of Finnish or Lithuanian mill workers making their way from the rooming houses to their jobs at one of the several sawmills.
* * * * * * *
     This writer was born at the South Bend General Hospital in 1935, but I lived my first four years in an upstairs apartment on the corner of First and Duryea in downtown Raymond.  My mother often had to come find her wandering three and four year old, as I had discovered a larger world, down the stairs to the street, to the candy store, butcher shop, or barber shop.  Those fellows always looked out for the kids.  Beside, barber Roy Porter’s second chair, Bill Cash, was the funniest character I knew when I was four years old.  And the butcher would occasionally treat me to a raw hotdog.
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Raymond Trust Co., the town’s first bank on the west side of First between Duryea and Commercial Streets.  The business was later moved to the Hotel Willapa building.  (PCHS #7-31-70-1 from LV Raymond Estate) Larger Image
     Many mill workers would lunch at one of the several cafes on the street, typically featuring their blue plate specials.  Today’s oldest citizens, who were youngsters in the late 1920s and 1930s, might recall the hectic lunchtime at places like the
Royal Grill, Eagle Café, Moose Café, or the Sunday dinners at the Lincoln Hotel.
     Forget the myth that First Street was nothing more than a skid row, as it was nothing of the sort in its early days.  Granted, the block between Commercial and Alder Streets was the “bowery” part of town, but the remaining three blocks included the heart of the city.
     During the 1910s and 1920s First Street housed the city hall, two banks, law offices, groceries, meat markets, labor temples, women and men’s clothing shops, fraternal organizations, a mortuary, a variety of other family businesses, and close to a dozen cafes.  For entertainment and relaxation, there was a movie theatre, a Finnish sauna, Russian bath house, a piano and sheet music shop, confectionary shops, ice cream parlors, and for a short time, a small gymnasium.
     There were several rooming houses and hotels.  And yes, between Commercial and Alder streets, in small upstairs hotels and private rooms, sailors and loggers visited the “ladies of the night.”  Willapa Bay was a favorite stop for seamen on the cargo ships making regular visits to the sawmills, and it was known that Raymond endured a worldwide reputation among the sailors of the international merchant fleet.
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Looking down First Street ca 1915 towards what is now the Weyerhaeuser mill.  The Raymond Lumber Co. is at the far end of the street.  The Hotel Palace on the left is advertising rooms.  The horse-drawn vehicle coming down the street is an interesting juxtaposition with the “modern” automobiles.  Signage includes “Painless Dentists—Open Day & Night”.  (PCHS #11-18-87-1) Larger Image
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This 1940’s photo shows some of the 1st Street transition beginning to take place.  Pederson’s Chrysler dealership is at the end of the block on the left and the Hotel Wakefield is gone.  (Photo courtesy of Dave Wolfenbarger.) Larger Image
     Prior to the First World War there were more retail businesses on First Street and its neighboring side streets than in all of modern day Raymond.  In those days there were at least a dozen saloons, squeezed into the single city block, on the street’s south end, between Commercial and Alder.  As late as the 1930s, shopkeepers on the north end (the other three blocks) would warn customers and families to stay away from “that part of town.”
     A series of anti-beer and liquor laws, dating from 1913, and lasting until 1933, began to affect the saloon owners and shopkeepers, especially the European-born.  The prohibition era, combined with the movement of Raymond’s commercial district toward Third Street and beyond, led to significant changes in the 1930s and 1940s, which is more recognizable in the memories of today’s group of senior citizens.
     The days of Prohibition in Raymond, South Bend, and the Willapa Valley is a story unto itself but Raymond’s saloons managed to stay in business as pool halls and “social clubs.” Bootleggers and police were kept busy.  At least one dairy farmer supplemented his income by delivering milk bottles painted white, filled with the product of a secret still.
     The youngsters who grew up between World War II and the Vietnam War recall a different First Street.  By then it was a collection of beer parlors, card rooms, aging rooming houses, and a few fading grocery stores and cafes.  Two or three houses of prostitution, historically tolerated by the city and police, continued to operate, but a corrosive political climate had turned against the “old days.”  People growing up during those years have their own memories of the area, and some may have been told by parents to stay away from “that street.”
     Searching back before the ‘forties, to the period of time between 1903 and 1930, the amateur sleuth can discover a street that had been the city’s focal place of business and social life.  Even in the years immediately following World War II, through the 1950s, First Street clung to its former character, its businesses and social gatherings still reflecting a vibrant role in the life of the city.
     The First Street of Raymond’s early years is a dimming memory; Ray Wheaton’s “Howling Wilderness” is gone.  The few older buildings still standing are the lamentable relics of a more glorious, or possibly infamous, past.  The Cedar Tavern finally closed just a few years ago, a crumbling reminder of what once was.  And as for the glory years, an accurate communal memory threatens to fade and disappear, as the men and women who recall the area’s youthful exuberance grow old and pass on.
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Two teams of horses are standing in a flooded First St. at high tide.  This photo is from the same perspective as the one on the previous page.  Built on tidelands and sloughs, winter water has always been a big challenge for the community.  (PCHS #94-83-29) Larger Image
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Mayor Alexander C. Little
(Photo courtesy Raymond Elks.)
III.  FIRST STREET 1903-1970
    1. City Hall:  In the early years the city hall was located on First Street, between Commercial and Duryea streets.  During this time, Raymond founder A. C. Little was mayor for several years.  Longest reign as mayor was William Gurr, from 1939 to 1955.
    2. Police Department:  The earliest police station and jail was on Commercial, just off First, but for most of this period it was a small structure at the foot of Duryea.  In Raymond lore, longtime Chief Frank Dick stands out.  It was said that nothing happened that Frank Dick didn’t have a finger in or on - good or bad.
    3. U. S. Post Office:  Located on First Street, between Ellis and Duryea.  L. V. Raymond was the first postmaster, but by 1908 he was replaced by F. B. Sturgis.
    4. Ellis Street School: The grade school was located a block from First, on Ellis and Second Streets.
    1. Gruwell’s Raymond Hospital:  First Street.  Operated between 1905 and 1907.  Owned by Dr. William Gruwell, who had another small hospital in South Bend.  Dr. Gruwell brought in Dr. O. R. Nevitt of Minnesota to be a resident physician.  Gruwell closed the Raymond hospital after only 18 months, but continued his practice in South Bend.  Dr. Nevitt became known as the pioneer Raymond physician.
    2. Raymond General Hospital:  North side of First at the Ellis intersection.  Operated for only six years, between 1907 and 1913.  Dr. George Overmeyer, who had first come to South Bend, built the South Bend General Hospital, then the Raymond General Hospital.  In 1904, Overmeyer took in Dr. George Tripp as a partner.  In 1914, he sold the Raymond hospital to Mr. and Mrs. George Dickinson, who renovated it into a rooming house and named it the Lincoln Hotel.  It was later sold to John and Tekkla Antilla.
    1. Nix Hotel:  At the corner of First and Alder.  Very early building, the site later became the Washington Hotel.  The Washington Hotel had many owners and managers.  In 1925 the owners were Mr. and Mrs. L. Krueger.  Meals were served family style, and the rooms were 50¢ per day or $1.50 a week.  In the 1940s one of the last proprietors was the Linder family.  Son was Cliff Linder.  In 1908 the building was used as a meeting hall, with almost all the fraternal organizations using the facility:
      1. Eagles
      2. Odd Fellows
      3. Knights of Pythias
      4. Masonic Lodge, etc.
    2. Willapa House:  Off of First Street, closer to Mill Street and the mills.  It was operated by John and Tekkla Antilla.  As with other rooming houses, mill workers lived here.  The Antillas owned the Lincoln Hotel for a much longer period of time.  See the story featured in this issue.
    3. Wakefield Hotel:  Early hotel at First and Ellis.
    4. Hebish Apartments:  Formerly the Windsor Hotel.  I was told that it was mostly rented to single working men and that a lot of “Okies” lived there.  (Okies was a term used to describe people from the middle west and southwest states.)
    5. Kero Hotel:  Hilda and Matt Kero, proprietors.  It was said that Hilda ran the business.  Their daughter was Elsie Hogansen.  It was formerly the Kettner Hotel.
    6. Pacific Hotel:  Later called the Hurd Hotel.

Long-time Chief of Police Frank Dick (on the right) was regarded by many as “The Godfather of Raymond”.  Maurice Thorpe is identified as the man next to him.  (PCHS # 94.75.1)
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Theatre owner George Reizner is shown in front of his Lyric Theatre on First Street.  He later built the Raymond and South Bend Tokay Theatres.  (PCHS #3-24-64-149 from Mrs. Pete Zambas 7/10/70) Larger Image
    1. Floyd Lewis Insurance and Real Estate:
    2. Lewis and Reed Real Estate:  415 First.
    3. Eichner’s Insurance:  First and Duryea.
    1. Albro Dickinson Mortuary:  At the rear of the furniture store.
    1. Peoples Theatre:  George Reizner, owner and manager.
    2. Lyric Theatre:  Located on First, between Ellis and Duryea.  The flamboyant George Reizner was owner and manager.  He later built the Tokay Theatre.
    3. New Lyric Theatre:  Same location, same ownership.
    1. Hanges’ Grocery:  328 First Street.  The George Carlos Grocery replaced Hanges.
    2. The California Grocery:  Owned by Bill Platen, replaced George Carlos.
    3. J. D. McNeill Grocery Store:  C. O. Swanson Grocery (bought out McNeill’s).
    4. Pete’s California House:  Pete Lapinski, proprietor.
    5. Carsten’s Meats:  Later sold to Pete Rose.
    6. Rose Brothers’ Butcher Shop:  Became the Boyd Keller’s Butcher Shop—it was purchased in 1946.
    7. Raymond Meat Company and Sausage Factory:
    8. Pacific Dairy and Grocery:  Later the location of Tony Swanson’s Grocery.  Others were:
      1. Owen’s Grocery
      2. Garrett’s Grocery
      3. Martin Huter Grocery
      4. Mannering Grocery
      5. Bobby Burns’ Grocery (one of the early ones).
    1. Owl Drug Store:  348 First.  Pete Paulsen, proprietor.  First & Duryea.
    2. Paulsen’s Pharmacy:  Corner of First and Duryea.  Dunsmoor’s Drug Store, same location.
    1. City Bakery and Coffee House:  An old Greek establishment, early years.
    2. Smith’s Raymond Bakery:  Others included The Parrot Confectionary, Stark Confections, and the Hedden’s Confectionary and Newstand.
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The Garrett’s Grocery delivery truck.  Note the “Main 28” phone number on the side.  (PCHS # 95-57-19) Larger Image
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Stella and Mike Nowogroski owned a clothing store and a jewelry store on First Street although the store in this photo is on Third Street next to Dunsmoor’s Rexall Drug.  (PCHS # 94-8.61) Larger Image
    1. Wahlen Jewelry:
      1. Sold to Nowogroskis in 1943, Mike and Stella Nowogroski, proprietors.
      2. Another was M. J. Scudder.  There were more, but names are unknown.
    1. Women’s shops on First Street included:
      1. The Fashion Shop
      2. Mrs. Schwartz’ Home Made Clothing
      3. Mrs. Snyder’s Millinery
      4. Mrs. Wilder’s Millinery
      5. Miss C. L. Bernier’s Millinery Emporium.
    2. LaVogue Department Store:  Men’s and Women’s. Bitar, prop.
    3. Powelson & Basore Clothing:  First & Duryea, bankrupt in 1915.
    4. Dracobly’s Golden Rule:  Dracobly’s later moved to Duryea Street.
    5. W. H. Martin Co.:  Sold the business to the Toggery in 1921.  The Toggery later moved to Duryea Street.
    6. Huotari Clothing:  Then sold to John T. Pulli Clothing.
    7. Other clothing stores were:
      1. Asief & Bitar Clothing
      2. Heglom-Martell & Company
      3. Basil Dry Goods
      4. Frank Cram Men’s Clothing
      5. Nowogroski’s Clothing Store
      6. Huter & Nowogroski Men’s and Boy’s Store
      7. C. A. Van Natter Clothing.
    8. Two known shoe stores were:
      1. Yorgensen’s Shoe Store
      2. Economy Shoe Store.
    1. Tailors:  M. Johnson, Tailor, and another, not named, was just off First, on Duryea.
    2. Cleaners included:
      1. Pope and Son, which was sold to Paramount Cleaners, Arlie Pochel and Ray Murdock, proprietors.
      2. Another was Paul Olsen Cleaning.
    3. Shoe repair:  One known business was George The Shoe Doctor, but there were at least two others.
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W.F. Burnett at Dunsmoor’s Drug Store on First Street.  (PCHS #9-22-80-4-18 gift from W.F. Burnett Estate) Larger Image
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Note the two dapper lads posing in the foreground in this 1907 photo of First Street.  (PCHS #94-8-31) Larger Image
    1. James The Barber:  James Gotsis, proprietor.  307 First.  James died in August, 1935, at the age of 50, of complications from an auto accident.  He was born in Itos, Greece in 1884 and came to Raymond in 1918.
    2. Cady’s Barber Shop:  Sold and became Dudley’s Barber Shop.
    3. Raymond Barber Shop:  Medak, prop., 314 First.
    4. John Gotsis Barber Shop:  330 First.  John Gotsis was a bonafide character.  Besides being a barber, Gotsis was also a justice of the peace, and was known to have fined his own customers while holding court in the barber shop.  This information was offered by the late Bob Bailey.  Some customers took a real dislike to this treatment and quit coming for haircuts.  John may have been married three times.  Paul Willis, who worked as a night clerk at the Commercial Hotel, said that one time John showed up at the hotel and complained “My wife is nuts, she wants to kill me.”  After crying on Paul’s shoulder, Gotsis finally gathered up enough nerve to return home.
    5. Gould Barber and Baths:  422 First.
    6. Roy Porter Barber Shop:  A few doors off First, on Duryea.  A popular place.
    7. Crystal Steam Baths:  1/2 block off First.
    8. Russian Baths:  A few steps north of First.
    9. A. Padgett, Barber:  445 First, plus another, not named, in the same block.
  2. POOL HALLS, CARD ROOMS, SPORTS CLUBS:  During prohibition, 1920-1933, former taverns attempting to stay in business competed with the pool halls, card rooms, etc. in order to survive.  Gus Asplund, Jr. insisted that his father never served alcohol during prohibition, but almost every businessman of this type would have known where their customers could get a drink.
    1. Smoke Shop:  Jim Long, Jim Weathers. The Smoke Shop served great milkshakes.  A popular card room, lots of pan played here.  (Panginngay, a.k.a. Pan, is a form of rummy, played with 310 cards; a popular gambling card game.)  An earlier and older place operated by Jim Long and Jim Weathers’ was The Old Corner.
    2. Raymond Club:  Remodeled in 1932, it was purchased by Morris Thorpe from the Andy Willis estate, and had a little 12 pipe organ.  Lots of hunting displays.  The club served alcohol and in 1940 Charles Busse was in charge of the bar.
    3. Pastime Club:  Dave Dennis, proprietor.
    4. Todd’s Place:  Jim Bennos, proprietor.  Operated during prohibition years.
    5. Adam Rubstello Pool Hall:  On West Ellis, just off First Street.
    6. Ward’s Pool Room:  The Mission Club (see Asplund story).
    7. Kroges Pool Hall: See photo.
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Pete and Catherine Kroges are shown in their pool hall and confectionary in this circa 1910 photo.  The business opened in 1910.  (PCHS #4-6-87-3-2) Larger Image
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Proprietor George DeMir is ready for business at his popular Eagle Café which was located on the corner of 1st and Duryea.  Note the portrait of FDR behind the counter in this photo from the 30’s. (PCHS 94-8-24) Larger Image
    1. The larger, long lasting restaurants:
      1. Shasta Café, Ella and Glen Storey, proprietors.  It is said that bootleggers lived above the café.  (Which was not unique during the Prohibition era, 1920-1933.)
      2. Royal Grill, 425 First Street.  Bill and Jim Bennos, proprietors.  Jim eventually returned to Greece.  Bill closed the business ca. 1950 and moved to Lebam, where he owned and operated the Lebam Tavern until ca. 1980.  Bill’s son Paul Bennos visited Jim Bennos in Greece at least three times.  Bessie Holten worked at the Royal Grill.
      3. Lincoln Hotel Dining Room (see Antilla story on page 42.)
      4. Eagle Café, 323 First Street.  A popular and successful business for several years.  George DeMir, proprietor.
    2. The smaller restaurants or lunch counters, usually lasting only a few years:
      1. Moose Café, George John, proprietor.  The Moose Café was a very successful business, but owner John was murdered while working at his café in 1931.  His brother attempted to continue the business, but he gave up after a few months.  George John was born in 1886 in Galime, Greece, on the island of Marmara, which was controlled by Turkey.  He came to the U. S. in 1917 and first settled in Tacoma.  He was survived by his three children, Margaret, Greg, and Marie.
      2. Carson’s Café, aka Monogram Café.  Early business, it was near the Washington Hotel.
      3. Reed’s Grill, early days of Raymond, the café was located on First Street, next to the Lyric Theatre.
    3. There were many other cafes.  Here are a few:
      1. Delmonte Café
      2. Golden Gate Café
      3. Y Not Eat Café
      4. Palace Café
      5. Hank’s Café
      6. Coney Island Café
      7. Kelley’s Café
      8. Anchor Café
      9. Hen House Café
      10. Dick’s Place
      11. Mary’s Café (owner Mary Michaelson)
      12. Nelson’s (later the Smoke Shop)
      13. Maxine’s Lunch (owner Maxine Biggs)
    1. Reader’s Cigar Store and Factory. See Photo.
    2. Fred Norman Cigar and Tobacco Shop (see story page 35).
    3. Lamme Cigar Shop
    4. Mortensen’s, owner Carl Mortensen.  This shop had a variety of goods.
Click for a larger image
This 1909 photo was taken at Reader’s Cigar Factory on 1st St.  Notice the cigars on the table in front of the gentlemen.  The lady is identified as Mary Burt, daughter of Mr. & Mrs. Frank Burt.  One of the fellows is Jess Reader but there is no indication which one.  (PCHS # 8-27-80-2 Gift from Margaret Jones.) Larger Image
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The Shephard and Dennis Company at First & Commercial, circa 1929.  (Photo from Spring/Summer 2005 Pacific County Historical Society Sou’wester.)
    1. Cady Paint & Wallpaper, 241 First.  Formerly Cady & Eyer.
    2. Huston’s Wallpaper & Paint Company, 443 First.
    1. Twin City Furniture.  Baker and Jensen.  Early business.  They later joined forces again as the Jensen-Baker Company, and parted again.
    2. Square Deal Furniture and Second Hand Store
    3. Jensen’s Furniture, Howard Jensen.  A few steps off First, on Duryea.
    4. Albro Dickinson Furniture and Mortuary
    5. The Bee Hive, Furniture and Appliances.  Howard Jensen
    6. Hayman-Kaufman Company
    7. Hanley & Kuhn Furniture
    1. Delivery Companies:
      1. Shepard & Dennis Transfer Company, 125 Commercial Street.  The older location later became Sittko Taxi and Auto Storage.  P. W. Shepard started the company, with S. L. Dennis joining him in 1907.
      2. Shepard and Dennis Co., predecessor of today’s Dennis Company.
    2. Foundries:
      1. Lollar Foundry
      2. Lamb Foundry
      3. Raymond Foundry and Machine Shop, Ralph Gerber, mgr and J. E. Doncaster, President.  Motto: “Our specialty: Ship forgings, castings, and fittings.”
    3. Motor companies:
      1. Pacific Motor Company and Auto Storage, near Alder Street
      2. Pederson Motors, on First and Ellis
      3. Raymond Overland Automobile
    4. Two more businesses:
      1. Pattern Shop and Storage
      2. Raymond Boiler Shop
    1. Sittko Taxi and Auto Storage.  Louie Sittko, proprietor.  Louie also had an ambulance and a wrecker.  Louie was known to be quite a rounder.  He once took a call from the Smoke Shop to help a fellow get his car out of a dead end logging road.
    2. Larry’s Taxi, Larry Bridges, owner and operator, First and Duryea.
  5. BANKS
    1. Two early banks:
      1. Raymond Trust
      2. Willapa Harbor State Bank
    1. Eagle Co-Op Store, 1903.  First store in Raymond.
    2. Army-Navy Store,
    3. Carl’s Handy Corner
    4. Willapa Harbor Trading Post, Joe Rome proprietor
    5. Also the previously mentioned Mortensen’s.
    1. Stevedoring:
      1. Willapa Harbor Stevedoring
      2. Grays Harbor Stevedoring
    2. ILWU Union Shop for Longshoremen
    1. Electricians:
      1. Chesney Electric Company;
      2. W. K. Terrill, electrician.  Also handled motorcycles.
    2. Radio:
      1. Jack’s Radio & Electric
      2. Baker Radio Appliance
    3. Plumbing:
      1. Baker Plumbing
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Guglomo’s Venetian Gardens tavern was one of the most popular and successful of many First Street drinking establishments.  Owner Charley Guglomo and his family were one of many immigrant families that came to Willapa Harbor and established themselves in business.  (Photo courtesy Richard Guglomo & Doug Allen). Larger Image
    1. In Raymond’s early years, all of the saloons, bars, and “houses” of prostitution were located between Alder and Commercial Streets.  The bars were on the street level, with many of the upstairs rooms used by prostitutes.  (The two businesses were not necessarily connected.)  The women sometimes operated alone, while a few worked in small groups, with a “madam” as their boss.  There may have been three main businesses until the end of the era, ca. 1960s, namely the Star Rooms, Northern Rooms, and one called the New Deal.  It is said that nearly every sailor who came into port knew of these establishments, as did the barkeepers, taxi drivers, and police officers.

    2.      After prohibition was lifted in 1933, there was a big change, and beer parlors and bars were located in various parts of town.  Here is an incomplete list of the saloons and bars between the years 1904 and 1920:
      1. Kuehner’s Tavern
      2. The Russell Bar
      3. The Astoria Bar
      4. Owl Bar
      5. Palm Bar
      6. Portland Beer Hall
      7. Office Bar
      8. Doctor Bar
      9. Combination Bar

This is a pretty serious group posing in front of the Astoria Bar on 1st.  It seems all of them held still for the photo except the ghostly figure in the doorway.  Note the violin and accordion on the left and the Olympia Beer signs.  (PCHS photo 95-39-8)
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A ghostly Cedar Tavern is pretty much all that is left of the once-robust 1st Street businesses.  (Photo by Nicole Rogers.)
    1. Although not complete, here is the expanded list of saloons, taverns, and bars that were located on First Street (or within a half block), to ca. 1970.
      1. Guglomo’s Venetian Gardens tavern, Charley Guglomo, original proprietor (see story on page 38).
      2. Pioneer Tavern, aka Mike’s, owned and operated by M. B. “Mike” Asieff, aka Shorty Asieff.  Mike came from the same European homeland as the Betrozoffs.
      3. Raymond Tavern.  Owned and operated by Mr. and Mrs. Fernando Dirico.  The Dirico’s son Leo studied science and music in Boston and became a successful musician.  There’s a story of Mrs. Dirico rushing into the street after a 1930s earthquake, still holding four glasses of beer.
      4. Spike’s.  Haskell “Spike” and Elvira Booth were the proprietors.  Elvira’s maiden name was Barber, and she was born in Rexfort, Idaho.  Elvira and Glenn Barber were sister and brother.  Spike, who was a French Canadian from Vermont, had been raised by a grandmother.  He had once been a Safeway manager.  He was known to love the ladies, and the tavern was long known as one of Raymond’s “hot spots.”  Yes, folks, Raymond once had a very vibrant night life!  Spike’s place attracted the ladies, loggers, sailors, and hometown folks.  The dancers at Spike’s played a dance tag game called “broomtag”.
      5. Lapinski’s Tavern.  Owned and operated by Mike Lapinski, who was Pete’s father.
      6. Louie’s Tavern. See Photo.  Louie Kochopulos owned at least three taverns at one time or another, and all were on First Street.  Louie had worked in a shingle mill, shined shoes (which turned into a real business) and became one of Raymond’s most successful businessmen.  The first tavern opened after Prohibition was Louie’s Willapa Harbor Tavern.  Another name for that business was the Anchor Tavern.
      7. The Corner Tavern.  Louie Kochopulos’s last and biggest business, was located on the corner of First and Duryea during the late 1940s and 1950s.
      8. Cedar Tavern.  One of the old time places, it lasted longer than most of the others.  It’s still standing, but barely. See photo.  In the old days it was owned and operated by Ed Zambara.
      9. Washington Tavern
      10. The Olympic Club
Click for a larger image
A walking beer keg advertising Louie Kochopulos’ Willapa Harbor Tavern amused the throng along Duryea Street headed towards First at the All Nation’s Day parade July 4, 1934.  Standing next to the Navy ship officer parade judges are AG Basil and his daughter Doumina.  (Ken Bales photo courtesy of Heidi Bales.) Larger Image
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Raymond’s first mill began operation in 1903 but this undated photo appears to have been taken later because of the structures in the background including the old elementary school and The Dennis Company.  (PCHS photo scanned courtesy ARC Photography.) Larger Image

     It was all about timber, and three years prior to the building of the Siler-Cram mill, the Willapa Harbor Pilot printed the following:

         A conservative estimate suggested that there was in excess of 1,200 million board feet of timber known about in the local area: Half Moon Creek and a smaller creek nearby--550 million feet; Smith Creek — 100 million feet; Fairchild Creek—300 million feet; South Fork—150 million feet; North River and Naselle River—unknown, but the guess in 1899 was hundreds of millions, maybe jillions.
  • 1902
    1. The Birth of Raymond: Jacob Siler and Winfield Cram arranged to have major portions of the old Sunshine Mill (Naselle River) moved to Johnson’s Island, where they had negotiated an agreement for a mill site with L. V. Raymond and A. C. Little. (Johnson’s Island later became known as the Island neighborhood of Raymond.)  Siler was the experienced mill operator, while Cram was on the business side of the operation.  Years later, Cram, who was also a member of the Raymond Land and Improvement Company, went back to the wholesale fish business.
    2. Raymond would not graduate a senior until 1912.  The area’s high school students would have attended South Bend HS at this time.
    3. SBHS graduated 7, all girls.
  • 1903
    1. The Siler Mill began its operation.  Nearby there were two small shingle mills, Willapa Shingle and Shore Shingle.
    2. The first boat used to taxi passengers and goods between South Bend and Raymond was the Daphne.  It was operated by two immigrant fellows, hence, Stella Raymond dubbed it “the Lithuanian ferry.”
    3. Raymond’s first elevated sidewalk was built to connect the Siler Mill with the intersection of First Street and then south to Commercial Street.
    4. Raymond’s first post office was established in the small general store operated by August Rugger. L. V. Raymond was the first postmaster.
    5. Raymond’s first store was the Eagle Co-Op Company, built by Dick Pugsley.  The store was managed by P. M. Owen. Several years later the same building was named the Eagle Café, which would be operated by George Demir.
    6. SBHS graduated 0.
  • 1904
    1. First survey made for Raymond.  Plat of Raymond filed on October 4.
    2. On April 6, A. C. Little and others submitted a petition to name their new town “Raymond.”
    3. West Coast Veneer was built by A. C. Little.
    4. A liquor license was issued to Issac “Ike” Anderson, who was the key saloon owner in Raymond’s infancy and known for his “dens of iniquity.”
    5. SBHS graduated 0.
  • 1905
    1. On January 6, the first church, Methodist, was organized by Rev. W. E. Cox, with six charter members:  Jacob, Mary, and Harriet Siler; Mrs. Cox, Mrs. H. J. Owens, and Mrs. Ruth Blake.
    2. Napoleon de Grace Dijon drew the blueprints for the new city of Raymond in the office of the Raymond Land and Improvement Company.
    3. E.E. Case bought out Turney & Martin and opened his first shingle mill.
    4. P. W. Shepard began his transfer work which included hauling wood.
    5. On June 2 the Methodist Church was dedicated.
    6. The Raymond Herald was first published by J. J. Heath.
    7. Five students from Raymond attended school at South Bend: Elsie and Ruby Monohon, Queenie Swanson, Gertrude Leach, and Maggie Owens.
    8. SBHS graduated 0.
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This 1907 photo and shows the old South Fork wooden railroad bridge which was replaced by the one standing open today.  The ships on the right are moored at the “island” currently slated for development behind Everybody’s store.  (PCHS photo scanned courtesy ARC Photo.) Larger Image
  • 1906
    1. The Creech brothers, who were established Grays Harbor residents and business operators, disposed of GH Logging and moved to Willapa Harbor to build a mill in Raymond.
    2. S. L. Dennis joined A. Shore as a partner in the Shore Shingle Company mill.
    3. Kalb-Glibbert Co. removed rock from Narrows for their Raymond mill foundation.
    4. Plans were activated to build road between Raymond and South Bend along the river.
    5. Late in the year the Raymond Trust Company Bank was opened on the corner of First and Commercial.  Bank president J. J. Haggerty owned the first automobile in Raymond—a Stanley Steamer.
    6. Raymond saloons, 1906-1907:
        1. Kuehner Saloon.
        2. Russell Bar, owned and operated by George and John Russell.  The Russell bar had started in 1905, and had clever slogans and advertisements, such as: “Entertains gentlemen free from annoyance and rowdyism,” and “An air of cordiality and good cheer.”
        3. The Office, owned by Mitchell and Potts, had an area of 30 by 90 feet, and a slogan that claimed “decorated in a style not to be surpassed by any saloon.”  Mitchell and Potts also operated three other Raymond saloons,
          1. the Palm,
          2. the Owl,
          3. the Combination.
      1. The Astoria Bar, owned by Suomela and one of the Peterson brothers.  Charles Gammal was a partner for a few years.
      2. Doctor’s Bar, later became known as Zambaras’ Bar.
      3. Olympic Club, owned by Floyd L. Lewis.
        • Issac Anderson, and Beer Hall partner A. Hakvist were the owners of:
          1. Portland Beer Hall
          2. Concert Hall
    7. SBHS graduated 5.
  • 1907
    1. The vessels Daphne and Fearless made the 20 minute run between Raymond and South Bend.  The boats were owned by Captain Thomas Bell’s Pacific Transportation Company.  The Fearless was still operating in the 1930s.
    2. Claude House came to Raymond 1907 to work for the Raymond Land and Improvement Company.  Born in Greenville, Michigan in 1876, the senior House died in 1950.
    3. Beginning in 1907, the NP Railway initiated a new passenger train service: 2 trains departed Chehalis for Raymond and South Bend each day.
    4. Raymond incorporated, July 10, 1907.  Initial city council meeting was in August, with the following city officials presiding:
      1. A. C. Little, mayor, plus these councilmen:
        1. C. F. Cathcart
        2. W. S. Cram
        3. T. H. Donovan
        4. Floyd Lewis
        5. Charles Myers
        6. L. V. Raymond
        7. W. G. Shumway
    5. Mayor Little’s first term was from 1907 to January 1912.
    6. Economic downturn in 1907.  Mills and logging operations had a difficult time, but the situation turned for the better in the following years.
    7. First electric lights turned on in the town.
    8. S. L. Dennis joins with P. W. Shepard in his transfer business.  Predecessor of The Dennis Company.
    9. Raymond’s first shipyard, Dickie & Sons, was established.  Dickie moved to Willapa Harbor from San Francisco Bay, but went out of business after one year.  The first ship produced was The Willapa, 195 feet in length, with a 38 foot width. The Willapa was built for Sudden and Christenson, and had a capacity of 800,000 board feet of lumber.
    10. SBHS graduated 2.
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     Note that the street planks run sidewalk to sidewalk rather than up and down the street as shown in other photos.  It was said that the planked roads lasted only about three years because of their exposure to the elements, including the ubiquitous Raymond flooding.
     The Russell Bar is on the front left and the Owl Bar on the right.  Raymond’s first bank, The Raymond Trust Co. is down the street on the left . (PCHS photo from LV Raymond Estate) Larger Image
  • 1908
    1. Unofficial population of Raymond, after its first 5 years = 2,500.
    2. John Bullard announced that the Fern Hill Cemetery Association was organized.
    3. Raymond’s Masonic Lodge No. 170 held its first meeting above a livery stable, which was the upper floor of the Raymond Transfer and Cold Storage Company building, on the corner of Alder and First streets.
    4. E. Bucher, Raymond druggist, was arrested for illegally selling liquor at his drug store.  Judge John O’Phelan fined him $75 and court costs.
    5. Local newspapers announced that mass meetings were held to devise a plan to rid Raymond of Greek workers.
    6. The First Baptist Church was dedicated at 9th and Duryea.
    7. The Willapa Harbor State Bank of Raymond was organized during the spring of the year by H. W. MacPhail, formerly of Ludington, Michigan. (Ludington was also the hometown of George Cartier, the manager of the South Bend Mills and Timber Company.)  The bank was started with a capital of $42,881.  By 1913 the bank reported a capital of $717,836.  The company’s first officers were:
      1. C. S. Gilchrist, president
      2. R. L. McCormick, vice-president
      3. H. W. MacPhail, cashier
      4. C. W. Reed, assistant cashier.
    8. New liquor licenses: R. J. Owens, Charley Potts.
    9. SBHS graduated 0.
  • 1909
    1. It was reported that in August the St. Paul and Riverview water system was worked on.  On August 9, the Raymond Herald reported that “Greeks were paid $1 each for hauling.”
    2. A bond issue was passed in Raymond to build two bridges.
    3. Until 1909, Raymond’s telephones were operated through the South Bend exchange.  During the year, the Willapa Harbor Telephone Company was established, and purchased the South Bend exchange and started a separate exchange in Raymond.  This arrangement continued until 1915.
    4. The tiny Baleville Telephone Company began operation.
    5. SBHS graduated 3.

     Steamships and sailing vessels called on Raymond in the early part of century to supply the west coast’s voracious appetite for wood products.  (PCHS # 7-12-91-3)
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     Note the “Dodge Brothers Motor Vehicles” signs in the window of the Commercial Hotel in this very early photo.  (Photo courtesy Paul Willis & Doug Allen.) Larger Image
  • 1910
    1. Federal census population = 2,540.
    2. The Raymond Water and Light Company drew up plans to bring water into the city from South Fork.  It was estimated that about $85,000 would be raised from bonds, and that a pumping station would be built just above the Howard Gamage place.
    3. The Raymond Cougars baseball team was part of the six-member Class D Washington State League.
    4. Val Heath bought the Raymond Herald from his brother Jason in 1910.
    5. The first Riverdale bridge replaced Jorgensen’s ferry service.
    6. A new newspaper, the Raymond Press, with L. A. Lemere as editor and publisher.
    7. SBHS graduated 6.
  • 1911
    1. Huge growth in the city’s population, more than doubled during 1911 and 1912.
    2. IWW troubles.
    3. The Class D Washington State League was reduced to four teams, from Chehalis, Centralia, Raymond, and South Bend.  Raymond’s 1911 entry was called the Venetians, while South Bend’s team was called the River Rats.
    4. The lavishly furnished 96-room Hotel Raymond opened for business in October.
    5. Raymond’s first public library was opened in October of 1911.  It was located in the Methodist Young Peoples Building, where the Hogansen Apartments were later built.
    6. Organized in 1911, the Tuesday Club was the oldest women’s study club in Raymond.
    7. The Willapa Harbor Telephone Company was organized with H. W. MacPhail as the chief executive.  The office was at 108 Duryea.
    8. SBHS graduated 5.
  • 1912
    1. Raymond’s Ninth Street school was constructed.
    2. E. E. Case became Raymond’s second mayor, serving for one year.  He was murdered while in office.
    3. Around this time logging companies began topping spar trees and rigging up high lead systems.
    4. The Commercial Hotel opened.  One of the early managers was B. F. Ladue.  The hotel boasted, “Steam heat, hot and cold water in every room, up-to-date café in connection, 1½ blocks from railway stations.”  The hotel was permanently closed ca. 1973.
    5. In early April, Greek and Finn workers were forcibly removed from Raymond.  More than fifty Finnish people and 150 Greek people were forced out at gunpoint.
    6. The Raymond Elks Lodge was chartered.  One thousand men attended the first meeting, with many of the out-of-town members arriving in Raymond in three special Pullman railroad cars.  The meeting was held on the second floor of what later became the Dennis Company store.
    7. RHS graduated 6 (First year that Raymond had high school graduates.)
    8. SBHS graduated 6.

     The Tokay Theatre advertising “The Red Stain” which was released January , 1917.  (Photo courtesy Dave Wolfenbarger.)
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     There is certainly no shortage of great Raymond flood photos.  This Duryea St. pic is no exception. (PCHS #3-24-64-22) Larger Image
  • 1913
    1. The city claimed an unofficial population of 6,000.  Probably inflated numbers.
    2. A. C. Little was returned as mayor, and he remained in office until January, 1918.
    3. Raymond’s new Polish Hall was opened on January 3.
    4. A new shipyard was begun by Andrew Peterson, and was located on the site of the old Dickie yard.  The first Peterson-built ship launched was the Solano.
    5. A. C. Little started a new newspaper, the Raymond Review, to provide a voice for the Democratic Party.  South Bend Journal editor and publisher Hazeltine called the paper the “Reprint,” indicating that the Review had nothing original to say.
    6. A new newspaper Pacific County Times was begun in August, 1913.  The Times claimed that it was the only paper that truly represented the area’s Democratic Party.  Unfortunately, the paper did not have the support to survive more than two years.
    7. First stretch of “modern roadway” opened between South Bend and Raymond; it was known as the “Boulevard.”
    8. The Riverview Clinic Hospital was first opened on February 1, 1913.
    9. The Chicago, Milwaukee, & St. Paul RR bought out the local Pacific & Eastern Logging RR.  New tracks were constructed, bringing the new line into downtown Raymond.
    10. Menlo HS graduated 2.
    11. RHS graduated 6.
    12. SBHS graduated 6.
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The perspective’s a bit confusing on this rough photo, but it shows Duryea St. under construction looking towards town from the “island” area. (PCHS # 93.87.4) Larger Image
  • 1914
    1. Passenger service on the Milwaukee Road was announced.  Work on the Milwaukee’s new Raymond depot was begun.
    2. A new property development, called the Menlo Gardens, was established, but the lots were slow to sell.  The plan was to extend the trolley tracks to Menlo, but it failed.
    3. The State Federation of Labor held its 13th annual convention in Raymond on January 13.  Mayor A.C. Little delivered the welcoming address.  More than 250 delegates were in attendance.
    4. 1914 was shaky for Willapa Harbor banking.  Two banks closed in September, the Raymond Trust and Lebam’s Fisher Brothers and Steiner Bank.  The Lebam bank closed after a rush to withdraw funds.  Thought to be in good standing, it did not have enough cash to withstand the panic.  It was also thought that the Raymond Trust brought on the problems in Lebam.  When the doors of the Raymond Trust were closed, it was discovered that it would go into the hands of a receivership.  Deposits amounted to $150,000.  The big losers were the City of Raymond and the Willapa Harbor Oil Company.  Stella Raymond was quoted as saying, “The trust had been taken out of the Raymond Trust.”  J. J. Haggerty, bank president and principal stockholder, was arrested in October by Pacific County sheriff T. H. Bell.  Crushed under the weight of financial and personal troubles, Haggerty was sentenced to two years in prison at Walla Walla.
    5. Menlo HS graduated 0.
    6. RHS graduated 7.
    7. SBHS graduated 8.
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Titled “Street Scene, Free Delivery” this photo shows the necessary elevated sidewalks in the early days.  (PCHS #93.87.1) Larger Image
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Old Mill “R” was built in 1905, destroyed by fire in 1919, rebuilt in 1929 and torn down after the last night shift of November 24, 1948. (PCHS 96.45.4) Larger Image
  • 1915
    1. In January, it was announced that B. A. Bullard would operate a jitney bus service between Raymond and East Raymond.  Patrons paid ten cents for a one-way ticket.
    2. The Milwaukee Road opened its new line in November, between Maytown and Raymond and beyond.  The company had combined several small logging lines to create the route.
    3. Willapa Lumber purchased a large two-ton truck for use in its lumber yard.  The truck replaced two horses.
    4. Powelson & Basore Clothing Store held a bankruptcy sale.  They were located on 1st and Duryea.
    5. The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company bought out the Willapa Harbor Telephone Company.  At the time of the purchase, South Bend had approximately 400 telephones, while Raymond had 700.
    6. As of September, there were 13 sawmills in Raymond, and also shingle mills and other woodworking plants—all within the city limits.
    7. Lebam HS graduated 2.
    8. Menlo HS graduated 0.
    9. RHS graduated 6.
    10. SBHS graduated 9.
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The tugs “Raymond” and “Fearless” struggle to turn the lumber ship “Liverpool” with its 5 million board feet of lumber capacity in this ca 1915 photo. (PCHS 12-14-83-1320) Larger Image
  • 1916
    1. On March 8, Huotari & Co. (men’s clothing) moved to a new location on the corner of 1st and Commercial.
    2. At the end of April the county track meet was held at Tokeland.  Raymond’s Tom Owens was high point man for the Gulls.
    3. Lumber strike: 200 loggers of Sunset Logging walked out of the woods (from Camp 11 and Camp 12). In a peaceful demonstration, the workers demanded a ten-percent wage increase.
    4. RHS graduated 16.
    5. SBHS graduated 12.
    6. Menlo HS graduated 0.
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This undated photo shows the construction of the Central Block along Duryea St. Raymond Drug, Dracobly’s, Penney’s, and Meredith’s were the primary occupants for many years.  (PCHS 12-14-83-91.) Larger Image
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“Christining (sp) the ‘Willapa’.  The first vessel ever built at Raymond, Wash. J.W. Dickey & Sons Builders” is the note on this photo.  The yard was located just above the Riverdale bridge.  (PCHS #12-14-83-19)
  • 1917
    1. The graveled Raymond to Chehalis road, now SR6, was opened for automobile traffic.
    2. Clifford Beall and J. M. Tadlock bought the Raymond Herald.  A few years later Beall owned the paper outright.  Letter to the Mayor of Raymond:
    3. March 5, 1917
      To the Hon. Mayor & City Council:
           The bridge over Ellis Lagoon to the veneer plant is in a dangerous condition and should be replaced with a new one as soon as possible to avoid a heavy damage lawsuit to the city.  In my judgment it has passed the time when it is possible to make repairs to make it safe.
           At the intersection of Ellis and First Street where the old timbers were left and a new deck put on top is also in dangerous condition.
           The alley between Ellis and Duryea Street should also be rebuilt, as it runs into the slough behind the Lyric Theatre.
      (signed) Ray Wheaton
      Raymond Street Superintendent.
    4. Raymond boomed as new labor crowded the town:  Sanderson & Porter Shipyard announced that 1,000 men were needed at their Raymond plant.
    5. In October, it was announced that Raymond had 6 sawmills, 2 veneer plants, a box factory, one shipyard, 5 shingle mills, one woodworking plant, 2 railroads, one streetcar line, 13 miles of waterfront, and a monthly payroll of $250,000.
    6. Menlo HS graduated 1.
    7. RHS graduated 8.
    8. SBHS graduated 12.
  • 1918
    1. E.E. Lawler became the city’s third mayor, serving until January, 1924.  The Lawlers had three children, all graduated from RHS. Daughter Marcella, RHS Class of 1926, later earned a Ph.D. and taught at Columbia University (New York) for 24 years.
    2. E. J. Dunsmoor purchased the drugstore on First and Duryea from L. E. Morris.
    3. Mills in Raymond in 1918:  Willapa Lumber, Hanify, Quinault, Siler, Raymond Lumber, Southwest Shingle, Coates Shingle, Case Shingle.
    4. The Sanderson and Porter shipyard produced “Ferris-type” hulls that were designed to be Liberty ships during the First World War.  When the war ended in November the yard was closed.
    5. The town was full of military contracts and workers:  2,100 “limited service” men served under the direction of Capt. Wallis Hindlekoper.
    6. Fred Norman, Republican, was elected to the State House of Representatives.
    7. Menlo HS graduated 1.
    8. RHS graduated 21.
    9. SBHS graduated 9.

These nattily-attired citizens appear to be waiting for the train to Centralia at the Raymond NP depot.  (PCHS photo)
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The sign reads, “The 75 frames of this Ferris Ship were built, set & plumbed in the record time of 37 hours & 15 minutes (4 consecutive working days).  Built by this gang at Sanderson, Porter Ship Yard. Raymond, Washington.  (PCHS photo) Larger Image
  • 1919
    1. By the end of World War I the army’s Spruce Division had lost 18 men who had served at the Willapa Bay substation.  The causes of death included drowning and logging accidents.
    2. P. W. Shepard leaves the Shepard-Dennis Company.
    3. In December, the Toggery was established by Mike and Dave Ackerman.
    4. Bitar’s Store was established by S. A. Bitar.
    5. Menlo HS graduated 2.
    6. RHS graduated 23.
    7. SBHS graduated 9.
  • 1920
    1. Federal census population = 4,447.
    2. The Raymond Herald staff: C. S. Beall, owner; E.M. Connelly, editor; O.E. Kennedy, linotype and job foreman; James Heath and A.S. Johnston, printers.
    3. Prohibition was in effect:  The Herald reported “Italian gamblers caught in Windsor Hotel.”
    4. Loggers go deeper into the hills:  Beginning at this time, power shovels began cutting grades along steep hills, as the new logging areas were often too steep for trucks and track equipment.  The crews began placing rigging higher in the trees to yard logs across steep hills and ravines.
    5. Shephard & Dennis became the Dennis Company in May, 1920.
    6. George Reizner’s Tokay Theatre, with a seating capacity of 1,200 and a 2/4 Wurlitzer theatre organ, opened on October 4th.  The feature on opening night was the comic opera, “Robin Hood.”  The organ was sold in 1947, and was moved to St. Paul’s Evangelical Church (now St. Paul’s United Church of Christ) in Ballard (Seattle), where it remains today, in about 75% of its original condition.  Head usher was:
      1. Mildred Sandell, with
      2. Winifred Graham,
      3. Evelyn Keeley,
      4. Gladys Evavold,
      5. Margaret Mulvaney,
      6. Enid Shumway,
      7. Ethel Brady, and
      8. Cassie Nedeau,
      9. Vivian Jackson.
    7. There were many liquor and prostitution arrests during the year.  A big feature about moonshine appeared in the July 2 Raymond Herald.
    8. Menlo HS graduated 0.
    9. RHS graduated 19.
    10. SBHS graduated 9.
  • 1921
    1. Elmer Smith and the IWW were blasted by the Raymond Herald.
    2. Nupp and Porter established the Auto Service & Garage Company.
    3. The older W. H. Martin Clothing Company was succeeded by the Toggery, which became a popular Raymond men’s clothing store.
    4. A new business was begun:  the Lamme Auto Service and Cab Company.  Motto was “Careful drivers, good cars.”
    5. Raymond had several popular candy shops.  The new Cooney’s Confectionary was established at 226 Third Street.
    6. Fred Dracobly took in a partner, his brother-in-law, Charles Bardawil.  The business was called the Dracobly & Bardawil Golden Rule Store.
    7. In an April 1 article, the Herald reported that a windjammer was in port.
    8. Menlo HS graduated 1.
    9. RHS graduated 26.
    10. SBHS graduated 13.
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These young ladies and locals appear to be enjoying another celebratory parade along First Street.  This undated photo shows the prosperity of the era.  (PCHS # 94-104-339) Larger Image
  • 1922
    1. Dracobly & Bardawil Store fire:  the business suffered losses, although the fire fighters used as little water as possible to hold down the water damage.
    2. Fred Norman entered the wholesale and retail tobacco business.
    3. Lutherans established their church in a converted store at 5th and Ellis.  It was destroyed by fire on March 29, 1953.
    4. Raymond’s “Little Gym” was built for a total cost of $700.
    5. Lebam HS graduated 1.
    6. Menlo HS graduated 5.
    7. RHS graduated 22.
    8. SBHS graduated 16.
  • 1923
    1. A proposal to consolidate the Willapa and Raymond school districts failed in May.
    2. Frank A. Cram opened up his new men’s store on the corner of First and Duryea.
    3. Lebam HS graduated 1.
    4. Menlo HS graduated 8.
    5. RHS graduated 24.
    6. SBHS graduated 20.
  • 1924
    1. E. J. Doncaster was elected mayor.  He remained in office for three years, until December 1927.
    2. Cargo shipments from Willapa Harbor more than doubled in June, proof of the improvement in the lumber market.  In June there were 13 vessels loaded for California, carrying more than a million pieces of shingle and more than 10 million board feet of lumber and lath.  Two other vessels were loaded for the Atlantic Coast, carrying over five million pieces of shingle and two and a half million board feet of lumber.  Charters scheduled for August included cargoes for California, the Atlantic Coast, and Australia.
    3. New grade schools opened in Riverview and Garden Tracts.
    4. Raymond’s outstanding high school football team enjoyed a very successful year, which included a 13-3 victory over the visiting Roosevelt High School team of Portland.  The winning schedule included victories over:
      1. Hoquiam, 7-3;
      2. Tenino, 55-0;
      3. Winlock, 77-0;
      4. Willamette Univ. Frosh, 31-0;
      5. South Bend, 44-0; and
      6. Elma, 44-0.
        1. The team was invited to play a “state championship” match at Arlington High School, north of Everett.  The Gulls lost the Thanksgiving Day game 9-6, with only field goals scored.  Stars of the team were:
          1. Ed Cram,
          2. Jack Cram,
          3. Paul Schwegler,
          4. Monte Guglomo,
          5. Ed Tenoski, and others.
    5. Lebam HS graduated 1.
    6. Menlo HS graduated 1.
    7. RHS graduated 23.
    8. SBHS graduated 20.
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This early 20’s photo shows the elementary school with the high school in the background.  The high school appears to be still under construction. (photo courtesy of Paul Willis via Doug Allen.) Larger Image
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Judging by the age of the vehicles, this photo was probably taken soon after Basil’s Raymond Theatre was opened in the late 20’s.  Today the lady has been restored to her old grand beauty and is the showpiece of downtown Raymond playing host to first-run movies and a variety of live entertainment. (Ken Bale collection photo courtesy of Heidi Bale.) Larger Image
  • 1925
    1. A boisterous First Street New Year’s celebration resulted in a telephone outage when gunshots pierced a cable in front of the City Bakery.
    2. Andy Willis announced that he would build a new two story building on Third Street, adjoining the Basil Building.  Fred Dracobly announced that he would open a South Bend store that would be operated by his cousin Said Dracobly.
    3. The old Riverdale Bridge was struck by a freighter, the Anne Hanify.  The ship wiped out about 16 piles in the bridge’s dolphin.
    4. Fred Norman was elected to the state senate, a seat he would hold until 1935.
    5. A funeral was held for 15-year old Ray Guglomo, twin brother of Al Guglomo, who had been accidentally shot by his youngest brother, Freddie, while hunting at Tokeland.
    6. The new Raymond High School building was opened.
    7. In June, federal agents confiscated a “booze barge” containing about $100,000 worth of whiskey.  According to the late Joe Krupa, adults and teenagers dove into the river for many days to recover bottles that had not been broken by the Feds.
    8. In August, the Bullard Ranch was considered for a private golf course, but eventually a South Fork property was chosen.  Walter Frovargue, a nationally-known golf architect from Aberdeen was chosen to design the course.
    9. A car ferry service was begun between Tokeland and South Bend.  Operated by Capt. M. Hoven, the service consisted of two daily trips that connected with motor stages at both ends.
    10. Lebam HS graduated 0.
    11. Menlo HS graduated 13.
    12. RHS graduated 34.
    13. SBHS graduated 30.
  • 1926
    1. Raymond Federal Savings & Loan made its first loan on January 11, 1926.  It was for $1,200.
    2. The big Quinault Lumber Company mill burned to the ground.
    3. Creditors closed the Sheldon Auto Company, owned by C. S. Sheldon.
    4. One of Raymond and South Bend’s most memorable characters, Fletcher “Fletch” Gorman, a longtime driver of the horse-drawn carriages, from the railroad stations to the hotels died.
    5. The modern, “up-to-date” Crystal Steam Baths opened for business in June.  The first owners were Mr. and Mrs. William Tynkila, formerly of Aberdeen.
    6. Basil’s new dry goods store at Third and Duryea was opened for business.
    7. In August, the Willapa Harbor Golf Course was finally opened for play.  It was noted that caretaker Alex Thompson had done a splendid job in preparing the course.
    8. The Raymond Fire Department moved into its Second and Commercial location in late summer.
    9. Lebam HS graduated 10.
    10. Menlo HS graduated 0.
    11. RHS graduated 40.
    12. SBHS graduated 26.
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The 1926 Quinault Mill fire must have been quite a sight in the Raymond night sky.  (PCHS #12-14-83-178) Larger Image
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This very early view looking towards town from the hill above Riverdale shows just how smoky things were with all the early mills operating.  The Riverdale School is the tall building in the back, right.  (PCHS #94-83-16) Larger Image
  • 1927
    1. Henry Boyer was elected mayor, and served until December 1930.
    2. Local movie mogul George Reizner, 47, died.
    3. In December, John O’Phelan received an appointment to become a judge.
    4. Raymond High’s basketball team won the Southwest Washington League championship, by defeating Hoquiam 25 to 15.  Coach Dimick’s top players were:
      1. Sinko,
      2. Campbell,
      3. Schwegler,
      4. Ellis,
      5. Pope,
      6. Guglomo, and
      7. Haynes.
        1. A Hoquiam Washingtonian sportswriter wrote that “Raymond’s trio, Campbell, Sinko, and Ellis played rings around the Grizzlies, while Schwegler controlled the boards.”
    5. The new Jensen Furniture Store was established by combining the Bee Hive store and the Kaufman-Leonard store.
    6. Lebam HS graduated 3.
    7. Menlo HS graduated 3.
    8. RHS graduated 59.
    9. SBHS graduated 38.

Raymond celebrations were not limited to First St. as this Third St. July 4 photo from 1926 demonstrates.  (PCHS 93-22-4)
  • 1928
    1. On January 1, South Bend claimed 522 telephones, while Raymond had 1,214.
    2. Willapa and Menlo school districts combined.  From this point the high school was called “Valley High School.”
    3. The Port of Willapa Harbor was established on May 1.  Roy Whitcomb served 34 years as a port commissioner, until 1952.
    4. Adrian Foote announced that his Canary Cottage complex, complete with gas pump, was under construction, and due to open late summer.  It was located along the Raymond-South Bend boulevard.
    5. In February, O. Helstrom purchased Owen’s Grocery, one of Raymond’s oldest businesses.  Helstrom expanded the store and named Tony Swanson his manager.
    6. A. G. Basil’s new Raymond Theatre opened for the first time on October 20, 1928.  The feature was Al Jolson in “The Jazz Singer.”  The theatre had a 2/5 Wurlitzer organ.
    7. The Port of Willapa Harbor was authorized and established, with its first meeting held on May 1, 1928.  J. W. Mason was the chairman, and the other two members were Howard Jensen and N. R. Whitcomb.  One eventual acquisition was the Baleville land that would become the local airport.
    8. LHS graduated 9.
    9. RHS graduated 56.
    10. SBHS graduated 35.
    11. VHS graduated 8.

The dredge “Oregon” is moored at a local dock.  Dredging of the river and harbor was an ongoing project to enable large vessels to arrive and haul their lumber cargo.  ( Ken Bale photo courtesy of Heidi Bale.)
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This classic photo shows Raymond police chief Pete Maloney (l) and Jesse Simmons in front of some recently rounded-up illegal booze.  (PCHS photo from Antilla collection scanned courtesy of ARC Photo.) Larger Image
  • 1929
    1. The Raymond Post Office’s first rural delivery service was inaugurated on January 16, 1929.  It was a 51.45 mile route.
    2. Raymond’s new Public Library was opened.
    3. Stock Market crash.
    4. LHS graduated 2.
    5. RHS graduated 41.
    6. SBHS graduated 26.
    7. VHS graduated 19.
  • 1930
    1. Federal census population = 4,271
    2. Raymond businessman and mill owner Charles L. Lewis was elected mayor and served until December 1933.
    3. On January 10, the Raymond Veneer Company, operated by S. A. Sizer since 1918, was permanently closed.  The mill was moved to Tacoma.
    4. Clarence Garrett took over as the new owner and manager of the Riverview Grocery.  Earlier, he had been associated with Ed Trentham there for three years.
    5. The LaBelle Beauty Shop was opened, with Mrs. Ila Weaver in charge.
    6. At Raymond High, Al Guglomo was voted most popular, while Billy Zambas was elected student body president.
    7. The Raymond-Aberdeen road was opened October 3 with a car caravan and a ribbon cutting ceremony.
    8. On Tuesday, July 8, the Raymond-South Bend streetcar was permanently shut down.  Buses replaced the streetcar, and the electric line was discarded after 18 years of use.
    9. Willapa Harbor Country Club president for 1930-1931 was Clarence Johns.
    10. L. D. Williams Jr. became the manager of the Port of Willapa Harbor, a position he would hold until 1954.
    11. Paul Schwegler, a tackle for the University of Washington football team, was named as a first team All-American.  Schwegler was a RHS graduate, class of 1927.
    12. LHS graduated 2.
    13. RHS graduated 57.
    14. SBHS graduated 36.
    15. VHS graduated 9.
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The Raymond Auto Company was one of several automobile dealerships located in downtown Raymond. Considering the age of the car this photo is circa 1935. (PCHS 94-8-11) Larger Image
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Willapa Harbor Motors was another venerable Raymond automobile dealer, as shown in this 1935 photo.  (PCHS #96-23-26) Larger Image
  • 1931
    1. Louis Bruno was named Raymond High’s principal.
    2. As business slowed in the deepening economic depression, Weyerhaeuser stepped in to save the day on Willapa Bay.  In May, the Willapa Lumber Company, Raymond Lumber Company, and Lewis Mills & Timber Company were bought and merged by Weyerhaeuser.  When it was completed, Charles L. Lewis resigned as boss of the Raymond Lumber Company and the Lewis Mills.  The new name for the merged businesses was the Willapa Harbor Mills, which also included the three mills and the Sunset Logging Company.
    3. Port commissioner Howard Jensen was an enthusiastic supporter of an airfield between Raymond and South Bend (between the Denver Addition and Skidmore Slough).
    4. Raymond High’s 1931 basketball team made it all the way to the state championship game against Stadium High of Tacoma.  The Gulls had a great season and tournament, but they were overwhelmed by the big Tacoma school 53-20.  Top players for the Gulls were:
      1. Billy Zambas,
      2. Tony Zambas,
      3. Lawrence Kaivo,
      4. Hendrickson,
      5. Vaughn,
      6. Lapinski,
      7. Meredith, and
      8. Nick Olli.
    5. In September, in response to economic problems, the First National Bank of Raymond and the Willapa Harbor State Bank merged.
    6. Ed Walter and Monte Guglomo announced that they would sponsor a 16 hour dance marathon at the Arcadia Hall.  The event was held on April 11, with a prize of $100, but all couples were still dancing at the end of the 16 hours.
    7. LHS graduated 2.
    8. RHS graduated 72.
    9. SBHS graduated 32.
    10. VHS graduated 18.
  • 1932
    1. Raymond’s 1931 bank merger failed, leading the First Willapa Harbor National Bank, the town’s only banking institution, to close its doors in early February.  The bank had only operated for about four months.  While there was no run on the bank, withdrawals during the week preceding the closure totaled about $135,000.
    2. On February 26, a record illegal liquor haul was made when Pacific County Sheriff Gloomy Tresize brought in 117 gallons after a raid on the McKinney place.
    3. Also in February, members of Raymond’s business breakfast club were forced to change their ways.  Many members had no personal funds to pay for breakfasts at their meeting place, Osborne’s Café.  Several of the members brought their own brown bag breakfast, along with their own thermos of coffee.  Osborne’s attempted to adjust to the problem by reducing their 50 cent breakfast to 15 cents.
    4. The Riverview Garden Club (formerly the Harbor Club) was founded, with Mrs. Ervin Trotter as president.
    5. In May the Raymond Chamber of Commerce issued a new currency, Raymond’s famous “Oyster Money.”
    6. Charles L. Lewis and E. E. Colkett, became the president and cashier of the new Willapa Harbor Bank which opened October 10.
    7. The Raymond-South Bend boulevard was paved just in time for Thanksgiving Day.
    8. LHS graduated 6.
    9. RHS graduated 59.
    10. SBHS graduated 44.
    11. VHS graduated 11.
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This postcard from Stella Raymond to Mrs. George Raymond in Tacoma.  She writes: “I hope we will have better weather than this to welcome you.  Leslie is getting his lunch in order.  With love, Stella.” (PCHS photo) Larger Image
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Before modern trucking, the waterways and railroads were the main ways to get logs from the woods to the mills.  (PCHS photo scan courtesy ARC Photo.) Larger Image
  • 1933
    1. Fred Tregaskis was elected mayor and served six years, until December 1939.
    2. On September 1, Pacific County voted to repeal Prohibition by a vote of 4,076 to 1,310.
    3. Public hearings were held to consider dredging and straightening the Willapa River between the Narrows and the Port Dock.  This action would create Jensen Island, named for port commissioner Howard Jensen.
    4. Prohibition was voted down in much of the country, and what had been in effect for some 20 years, was now gone.  It must have been a very black day indeed for F.A. Hazeltine (South Bend Journal editor and publisher, as well as federal prohibition agent), who had dedicated his life to the eradication of drinking of alcohol.
    5. On December 17, downtown Raymond was flooded by two to three feet of water.
    6. LHS graduated 13.
    7. RHS graduated 73.  Largest class in the school’s first 50 years.
    8. SBHS graduated 47.  It was also South Bend’s largest class to that point.
    9. VHS graduated 14.
  • 1934
    1. T. C. Bloomer of the Hotel Raymond leased one of the hotel storerooms to the Washington State Liquor Control Board, who opened the Willapa Harbor branch Raymond state liquor store.  It was reported that the new store had a good business the first day.  S. T. Brewster was the first manager, and was assisted by chief clerk Jacob Owens, cashier Bessie Jensen, and stock clerk Otis Hansen, Jr.
    2. Raymond’s Willapa Harbor Bank was taken over by the Seattle First National Bank May 28.
    3. The South Fork Garden Club was founded.  First president was Mrs. Henry Robertson.
    4. The Willapa Harbor Motor Company (“Chevy Garage”) was established.
    5. The old Arcadia dance hall was razed.
    6. A ferocious October storm hit the Willapa Bay area, with winds up to 80 miles per hour.  Flood waters reached three feet in some parts of Raymond.
    7. LHS graduated 12.
    8. RHS graduated 69.
    9. SBHS graduated 30.
    10. VHS graduated 16.

The guys at the local Safeway store were always ready to help their customers.  Note the prices.  (PCHS #94.8.66)
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The Port Dock was the hub of Willapa Harbor shipping of raw logs to Asia.  The building on the right is still standing today and the building in the foreground housed Edwards’ Flower Garden florist shop. (Ken Bale collection courtesy Heidi Bale.) Larger Image
  • 1935
    1. Raymond’s semi-pro baseball team, the Seagulls, won the Timber League championship by defeating the Olympia Capitols in a three game series.  Thanks to Gus Asplund, Jr., the team had a few University of Washington players, three or four Tacoma all-stars, a few local stars, and star pitchers Berle Garlick and Roy Chesterfield.  A local, Pug Allen, won the league batting title, with a 0.417 average.  Doc Owens was the key team sponsor.
    2. The Dennis Company was granted a permit by the State of Washington to operate motor vehicles as a common carrier.  With better roads, less freight was brought in or taken out by the railroad.
    3. Raymond’s old fire bell was retired, and replaced by a powerful, screaming whistle.
    4. The Sunshine Garden Club was founded, with Mrs. Joe Vetter as president.
    5. Don Osborn’s Confectionary was hit by fire on Christmas Day.
    6. LHS graduated 7.
    7. RHS graduated 71.
    8. SBHS graduated 30.
    9. VHS graduated 18.
  • 1936
    1. In March the vessels La Purisima and Dorothy Cahill were the first to pass through the new Willapa River cutoff.
    2. Valley HS won the state basketball championship, defeating teams from Hoquiam, Walla Walla, and Everett high schools.  Their only loss of the season was to the Raymond Seagulls, led by star Matt Pavalunas.
    3. Port manager L. D. Williams, Jr. announced that the state highway department’s proposal to establish the Raymond-Tokeland roadway would coincide with the diking of tideland for the planned airport.  Officials from Seattle’s Boeing Field visited to inspect the airfield location.
    4. In July, the Greek community won the best float competition in the All Nations Day parade.  The entry featured reconstruction of an ancient Greek pillar, with members dressed in costume.
    5. Two harbor stars played in the Washington - Oregon football game.  Raymond’s Ed Nowogroski was the starting fullback for the Huskies, while South Bend’s John Reischman was the starting quarterback for the Ducks.
    6. LHS graduated 12.
    7. RHS graduated 48.
    8. SBHS graduated 45.
    9. VHS graduated 18.
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Proud heritage came to the forefront each year at the annual All Nations Day parade.  Here some revelers pose in their native dress during the 1934 event.  (PCHS photo #94-8-17) Larger Image
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These dancers are on the Russian All Nations Day parade float traveling along Second St. Dressed in their native garb they were part of a tradition of celebration of native cultures.  (Photo courtesy of John Betrozoff.) Larger Image
  • 1937
    1. Olympic Hardwood opened in Raymond.
    2. In November, Fred Norman was elected to the Washington State House of Representatives.
    3. LHS graduated 11.
    4. RHS graduated 62.
    5. SBHS graduated 30.
    6. VHS graduated 25.
  • 1938
    1. During the week of February 14-18, Raymond City Engineer J. E. Buckingham issued a statement that WPA officials indefinitely suspended work on the Butte Creek tunnel pipe laying project.  Protesting a lowering of their wages from 65½ cents an hour, to 53½ cents an hour, the 18 workers left the job.
    2. On October 8, Dr. A. C. Kuehner purchased the Riverview and Bridge Clinic.  Kuehner, who had been a physician at the clinic since 1931, was the son of C. W. Kuehner, who had owned bars and taverns in both South Bend and Raymond.  Dr. M. L. Dumochel was also a physician at the clinic.
    3. LHS graduated 9.
    4. RHS graduated 49.
    5. SBHS graduated 27.
    6. VHS graduated 25.
  • 1939
    1. William Gurr was elected mayor in late 1939 and held the office until June 1955.
    2. One of the key members of the University of Oregon Ducks’ 1939 NCAA championship basketball team was Raymond star Matt Pavalunas (class of 1937).  Matt late became a successful coach at Auburn HS.
    3. On July 4, under sunny skies, a two-mile long parade streamed through the streets of Raymond, cheered on by a crowd of ten thousand onlookers.  The parade included five bands, a drum and bugle corps, service men, comic and private floats, Willapa Bay pioneers, fraternal and patriotic marchers, and the queen’s float.  The best float was sponsored by a Greek contingent.  Also, an authentic covered wagon was made by the E. W. Lilly family.  Leading the procession was the Tenino band, followed by Battery D, of the 10th Field Artillery, with 16 trucks and four 75 mm guns.  Next came a contingent of Coast Guard men with rifles and mounted bayonets.
    4. LHS graduated 15.
    5. RHS graduated 64.
    6. SBHS graduated 47.
    7. VHS graduated 25.

After 18 years of service the electric trolley line between Raymond and South Bend was shut down in 1930.  (PCHS photo)
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First St. had the history but Third St. was the main drag with Highway 101 running right through the middle of town until it was rerouted to its present location.  This mid-50’s shot captures the essence of the traffic and commerce of the day.  (PCHS #11-18-87-7) Larger Image
  • 1940
    1. 1940 census = 4,039
    2. Operations at Mills R, W, and L of the Willapa Harbor Lumber Company resumed on April 13 when Camp One workers of the IWA union voted 30-3 to settle negotiable differences with the mill management.
    3. According to a 1990s conversation with Ralph Antilla, he and others working for Baker Furniture & Appliance (ca. 1940) would load refrigerators, etc. on a truck, and take them to Naselle to sell door to door.
    4. In late February, Andy Willis, well known Raymond businessman died.  Willis had invested in several logging concerns, and was the longtime owner of the Raymond Club on First Street.
    5. Bonneville PUD bought Willapa Electric Company’s 66,000 volt transmission line.
    6. Bill Leber bought the golf course and built a new clubhouse.
    7. Raymond’s new post office was opened.  It was built by the Issacson Co. of Portland for $66,000.
    8. LHS graduated 13.
    9. RHS graduated 64.
    10. SBHS graduated 28.
    11. VHS graduated 28.
  • 1941
    1. Pearl Harbor, Hawaii was attacked by Japanese warplanes on December 7, 1941.  The U. S. formally declared war on Japan and Nazi Germany.
    2. Weyerhaeuser’s innovative sustained-yield forestry was begun in Pacific County in 1941, with the Clemons Tree Farm, the nation’s first certified tree farm.
    3. The Christian Science Church was moved to 7th and Duryea.
    4. LHS graduated 15.
    5. RHS graduated 47.
    6. SBHS graduated 35.
    7. VHS graduated 38.
  • 1942
    1. In early January it was announced by the Seattle regional director of the civil air authority that an appropriation would be made to create a Class 3 airport for Willapa Harbor.
    2. Raymond’s star trackman, Leo Rubstello, won the 100, 220, and long jump at the State Track Meet in Pullman, and single-handedly captured the championship for Raymond HS.
    3. Fred Norman was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives—a two year term.
    4. LHS graduated 10.
    5. RHS graduated 50.
    6. SBHS graduated 33.
    7. VHS graduated 26.
  • 1943
    1. In May, Army engineers conducted tests that proceeded the authorization of spending about $100,000 for further development of the airport.
    2. Weyerhaeuser’s Mill L in South Bend ceased operations.  Originally the old Simpson mill in the late 1800s, the mill’s dry-kilned fir lumber was barged to Raymond and then sent out via the Milwaukee railroad.
    3. Clifford Beall sold the Raymond Herald to Roy Fruit.
    4. LHS graduated 8.
    5. RHS graduated 54.
    6. SBHS graduated 35.
    7. VHS graduated 24.
  • 1944
    1. During the war, South Bend’s Bendiksen Cannery was desperate for workers.  A few of the girls from Raymond’s Star Rooms filled in nicely, and reportedly did a fine job as oyster openers.
    2. As with many families during World War II, the Zambas family had four sons serving in the military: Tony, Bill, Chris, and Pete.
    3. After bypassing Raymond for several years, the Greater Douglas Shows carnival came to town in July.  The carnival set up between the public library and the Kennedy Press.  The features included about 15 sideshows, 6 rides, and 30 concessions.
    4. In October, Ted Huter, former Gull standout athlete, was killed in action in Europe.
    5. Fred Norman lost in his bid for reelection to the U.S. House.  He lost to Charley Savage, D-Shelton.
    6. Raymond and South Bend played to a 0-0 tie in their annual Thanksgiving Day football game.
    7. LHS graduated 14.
    8. RHS graduated 39.
    9. SBHS graduated 22.
    10. VHS graduated 27.
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It was a rough early 50’s winter at the Central Block at the corner of Third and Duryea.  (PCHS photo) Larger Image
  • 1945
    1. The Raymond Post Office’s 53.45 mile Rural Route No. 2 was established on December 16.
    2. World War II ended with victory for the Allies in Europe (VE Day) in May, and victory over Japan (VJ Day) in September.
    3. LHS graduated 5.
    4. RHS graduated 38.
    5. SBHS graduated 23.
    6. VHS graduated 20.
  • 1946
    1. Raymond HS senior Leroy Dorning captured the pole vault championship at the State Track Meet in Pullman.
    2. Fred Norman ran again for the U. S. House, and was returned to office.
    3. J. W. Baker, 76, pioneer furniture dealer, died on August 13.  He had been in business since Raymond’s early days.
    4. LHS graduated 6.
    5. RHS graduated ??.
    6. SBHS graduated 32.
    7. VHS graduated 27.
  • 1947
    1. Fred Norman, U. S. House of Representatives, died in office.
    2. LHS graduated 9.
    3. RHS graduated 37.
    4. SBHS graduated 27.
    5. VHS graduated 20.
  • 1948
    1. In January, Justice of the Peace John K. Gotsis suspended an out-of-town driver’s vehicle license and fined him $100.  The man had been arrested for driving under the influence.  Gotsis, a local barber, was also quoted as saying, “If we can’t cut your hair, join the House of David.”
    2. Weyerhaeuser’s Mill R, originally the old Raymond Lumber Company, was closed.  It was one of the last steam sawmills to operate in southwest Washington.  The workforce joined the remaining Mill W as a night shift operation.
    3. A big 4th of July celebration was held, highlighted with a float parade, log bucking, band music, ball games, and dancing.
    4. Louie Kochopulos’ Anchor Tavern was sold to Dick Marron.
    5. The Baleville Telephone Association served 26 households in 1948, its high-water mark.  By 1977 it was down to 8 households.
    6. LHS graduated 5.
    7. RHS graduated 32. Smallest class since 1924.
    8. SBHS graduated 25.
    9. VHS graduated 21.
  • 1949
    1. On July 1, the Willapa Harbor Mills became a regular branch of Weyerhaeuser Company, and no longer operated as a subsidiary.
    2. Marcella Lawler, RHS class of 1926, received a doctorate degree from Teachers College, Columbia University (New York City). Dr. Lawler went on to teach at Columbia for 24 years.  She died in 1981.
    3. Raymond suffered a disastrous fire when the Seattle First National bank building on the corner of Duryea and Third was destroyed on Sunday, February 13.  Other establishments destroyed included the New Riverview Clinic and the Elks Lodge.
    4. In December, attorney John J. Langenbach was named as superior court judge of Pacific and Wahkiakum counties.
    5. LHS graduated 7.
    6. RHS graduated 48.
    7. SBHS graduated 24.
    8. VHS graduated 32.
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Click for a larger image
Duryea Street was part of a vibrant downtown in the mid-50’s.  This view from 3rd Street looking towards 1st shows the Seafirst Bank building, the Elks, and the Tokay Theatre along with several other busy establishments.  (PCHS #2000.86.3) Larger Image
  • 1950
    1. 1950 census = ??
    2. Two significant Raymond pioneers died in the spring of 1950:  Claude House, Sr., who died in March had come to Raymond from Michigan in 1907, to work for the Raymond Land and Improvement Company.  In May, John J. O’Phelan, 68 years old, passed away.  The retired superior court judge was a graduate of Notre Dame, and had played on the Irish football team.
    3. With a 175-foot high antenna in place, radio KAPA went on the air in September.  The station operated with a power of 250 watts on the assigned frequency of 1340 kilocycles.  The manager was Bob Finley, and the chief engineer John Kelley.
    4. A Weyerhaeuser corporate change took place on April 1, when the Sales Company took over the responsibility of selling all wood products.  Up to this time sales had been handled by the local branches.
    5. RHS graduated 45.
    6. SBHS graduated 33.
    7. VHS graduated 25.
    8. LHS graduated 5.
  • 1951
    1. The R & A Garden Club was founded.  Mrs. Larry Stritmatter was the president.
    2. LHS graduated 8.
    3. RHS graduated 37.
    4. SBHS graduated 32.
    5. VHS graduated 30.
  • 1952
    1. Raymond HS’s fine boys’ basketball team, (20-0 in the regular season) played big Vancouver HS to qualify for the Class A (top division) basketball tournament.  After leading for most of the game, the Gulls ran out of gas in the final minutes and suffered their only defeat of the season.  The starters on the team were Al Kamps, Corky Bridges, Bob Ledford, Del Allison, and Ron Aiken.  Other members of the varsity team were Jim Baker, Jack Orkney, Bud Hackney, and John Betrozoff.  Their coach was Bob Svenson.
    2. On April 6, RHS hurler Ron Aiken pitched a perfect game against Hoquiam, 1-0.  Ed Jouper scored the only run of the game when Aiken was walked with the bases loaded.
    3. Raymond pioneer, S. L. Dennis (76 years) passed away at his home in Raymond.
    4. In August, the city commission voted to acquire a plot of ground at the intersection of Park Avenue and Highway 101 for the Clyde L. Lewis Park.
    5. On August 28 it was announced that the Raymond Advertiser was purchased by the Raymond Herald.
    6. LHS graduated 7.
    7. RHS graduated 45.
    8. SBHS graduated 24.
    9. VHS graduated 25.
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A planked street was not limited to First.  This early Duryea St. photo shows a perspective similar to the more “contemporary” photo above.  (PCHS #9-15-83-1.) Larger Image
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Cas Monson’s Western Auto store was located in the building that houses Everyone’s Video & More and Raymond Furniture today.  (Photo courtesy of Everyone’s Video.) Larger Image
  • 1953
    1. Olympic Hardwood Mill B permanently closed.
    2. The destruction of Raymond’s old Ninth Street School was completed.  The new elementary school had already been built.
    3. More than 95 million board feet of lumber was shipped out of the Weyerhaeuser and Olympic Hardwood mills from January 1 to the end of October.
    4. LHS graduated 5.
    5. RHS graduated 47.
    6. SBHS graduated 26.
    7. VHS graduated 27.
  • 1954
    1. A two part construction phase was begun at Weyerhaeuser’s Raymond mill.  It included new dry kilns, stacker, unstacker, planing mill, and stripping shed.
    2. LHS graduated 11.
    3. RHS graduated 52.
    4. SBHS graduated 49.
    5. VHS graduated 24.
  • 1955
    1. Fred Lovin became mayor in June 1955, and served until he resigned in January 1957 because of ill health.
    2. The Masonic Lodge moved into its new home at the corner of 7th and Duryea.
    3. The second phase of Weyerhaeuser’s construction was started.  The mill was replaced and included a hydraulic barker and chipping plant.  A new office was completed the following year.
    4. Howard Norman, who had been a member of the Raymond Fire Department for 24 years, was killed in a fire on May 10, 1955.  He was 48 years old.
    5. J. L. (Jack) Kehoe became plant manager at Weyerhaeuser’s Willapa branch, effective September 1.  Kehoe had started his sawmill career in 1923, when he began as a stencil marker for the Willapa Lumber Company.
    6. LHS graduated 6.
    7. RHS graduated 55.
    8. SBHS graduated 27.
    9. VHS graduated 17.
  • 1956
    1. The Willapa Harbor theatres (Raymond and Tokay), which had been leased by E. W. Johnson (Spokane) and Dwight Sprecher (Seattle) since June 1, 1946, were returned to the Basil family.  George and Joe Basil, and their sister Hadla (Ducky) Basil, resumed management.
    2. Led by Raymond pitcher Ron Aiken, the Washington State Cougars defeated the USC Trojans 5-4, to win the Pacific Coast Conference baseball championship.
    3. LHS graduated 8.0 (The final year of Lebam High School).
    4. RHS graduated 55.
    5. SBHS graduated 39.
    6. VHS graduated 26.
  • 1957
    1. Alfred M. Kelley became mayor, and served five years, until June 1962.
    2. Merle Smith bought Powell TV.
    3. Pioneer merchants ended a longtime Raymond business:  Mrs. W. B. Glazebrook sold her Riverview Grocery Store to Mr. and Mrs. Orval Boerner. (Mrs. Boerner was Mrs. Glazebrook’s daughter.)  Mrs. Glazebrook’s late brother-inlaw, J. A. Glazebrook had operated a store at 818 Duryea that was later known as Brownie’s Grocery, and his former partner, I. M. Trentham, had owned the Cozy Corner in the old FOE building on Commercial Street.
    4. RHS graduated 57.
    5. SBHS graduated 39.
    6. Willapa Valley HS graduated 43.
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This 3rd street photo from the early 50’s shows the China Clipper on the left and Bridges restaurant on the right.  (PCHS photo.) Larger Image
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Fred Norman
V.  Fred B. Norman, United States Representative
     In 1901, young Fred Norman moved to Pacific County from Martinsville, Clark County, Illinois, where he was born on a small farm in 1882.  He had attended the Martinsville public schools, and graduated from the local high school in 1900.
     Upon his arrival in Pacific County, Norman first lived in Lebam, and after a few years moved to Raymond.  During these years he worked at a variety of laboring jobs, including farming, sawmills, shingle mills, agricultural work, and in the shipyards.  Along the way, he became involved in local politics, and was elected to the Raymond city council from 1916 to 1918.
     In 1922, Norman became involved in the wholesale and retail tobacco business, something he would do for the remainder of his life.  In one of his promotional political pieces, he claimed that his business had made him a “heavy taxpayer.”
     Although Norman derived much of his support from organized labor, he was a (Theodore) Roosevelt Republican, which was the progressive or moderate wing of the party.  It might be noted that in the early 20th century, Pacific County was a Republican stronghold, and until 1936, Democrats rarely were elected to public office in the county.
     In 1918, City Councilman Norman was elected to the State House of Representatives for the 1919 and 1920 sessions.  While serving in this position, he was a member of the committees on Appropriations, Fisheries, Labor, Municipal Corporations, and Industrial Insurance.
     The 1920s and 1930s were a time of much road building, and Norman aggressively helped to secure road appropriations for the Ocean Beach Highway, and also sought support for the Kelso-to-Naselle-to Seaview road, which was considered vital to the local area.  He also fought against the Naselle River toll bridge being under the control of Peninsula interests.  His position was very popular with most people who disliked the toll.
     In 1925, Norman was elected to the State Senate, a seat he held for ten years.  Trouble for the Raymond Republican came in 1927 and 1928, when son Howard and two other young men were arrested for a large amount of stolen cases of cigarettes.  The theft occurred at the Northern Pacific train depot in Raymond, where a carload of cigarettes was broken into on a particular night in December, 1927.  Locks were broken, and the cigarettes were missing.  It was then discovered that the cigarettes were at the Norman Tobacco Shop on First Street.  It first appeared that Fred was in serious trouble, but son Howard confessed and took the rap, along with another young fellow. Both Howard and his friend served prison terms.
     To Howard’s credit, he returned to his hometown, where he maintained a solid position in the community and raised his family.  A member of the Raymond Fire Department for more than two decades, he tragically died fighting a fire in 1948.  For Fred, the control of cigarette tax stamps for all of southwestern Washington state (and elsewhere) was a lucrative business.  The tax was put on each pack (a stamp), and the distributor paid a very small amount for each stamp.  A charge was then added to each pack or carton.
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State Representative Fred Norman.  (1933 photo courtesy Debbie Buchanan & the Washington State Archives.)
     In 1942, Norman ran for the United States Congress, and won.  After serving a two year term, he ran for reelection in 1944, but was defeated by Democrat Charley Savage of Shelton.  Not to be denied, the Raymond Republican turned the tables on Savage in the 1946 election, and was returned to Washington, D. C.  Only three months into the new term, Norman suffered a fatal heart attack, and died on April 18, 1947.  He is buried at Fern Hill Cemetery in Menlo.
     In retrospect, there are interesting questions about Fred Norman’s political career.  To begin with, it was a colorful era, with many local politicians who challenged for leadership, including Percy Sinclair, McGowan, John Kleeb, F. A. Hazeltine, A. C. Little, Ed Connor, and last, but not least, Terry Pettus. Pettus, a well known figure in Puget Sound politics as well, was a short term editor of South Bend’s Willapa Harbor Pilot, from 1938 to 1940.  Registered as a Democrat, it was recognized that Pettus had strong ties to the Communist Party.
     Although Congressman Norman was a longtime member of the G. O. P., he was not closely allied to fellow Republican and South Bend Journal publisher F. A. Hazeltine.  Hazeltine, who was more aligned with the conservative wing of the party, was a lifetime teetotaler, something Norman was not.  In addition, for many years the Republican Norman had the full backing of organized labor in Pacific County.  The late Bob Bailey, who knew his political history better than anyone, said that Norman’s successor to the congressional seat, Russell Mack of Hoquiam, also had not been a compatriot of Norman.  (Mack was also the longtime editor and publisher of the weekly Hoquiam Washingtonian.)
     In truth, Norman was not without his political friends, and in powerful places, too.  One of his best supporters had been former state Governor Roland Hartley.  (Hartley served from 1924 to 1932.).
Click for a larger image
Fred Norman is on the far right posing with this prestigious group of early Raymond civic leaders
including:  JW Baker, Frank Nixon, SL Dennis, Floyd L. Lewis, Max Shafer, and J.R. Snider. (photo courtesy Don Lewis & The Raymond Centennial Committee.) Larger Image
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George Reizner  (PCHS # 6-18-81-3)
VI.  George Reizner, Theatre Man
     Born in 1880, and raised in Lodi, California, George Reizner came to Raymond in 1906, with only his golden tenor voice and a willingness to work.  When he died in 1927, from complications of diabetes, he left theatres and other business interests valued in excess of $300,000.  Among his properties was a small grape vineyard outside of his California hometown.
     Little is known of his youth, but he told friends that he had run away from home at the age of 12, and had worked on ships, both as a cabin boy and as a cook.  As for his cooking skills, Reizner was well known in Raymond for taking charge of the food at Elks Club events, as well as other community festivals.  His friends all praised his cooking when invited to his bachelor apartment above the Lyric Theatre, where he prepared dinners in his well-stocked galley.
     When he first arrived in Raymond, Reizner was employed at the Frank Rose Market as a meat cutter.  He later bought an interest in the business.  In 1907 he established the small People’s Theatre on First Street, Raymond’s first movie theatre.
     A year later Reizner built the larger Lyric Theatre, which was located farther up the street.  The Lyric remained the city’s leading theatre for more than ten years.  Besides the early silent films, the Lyric was the site of vaudeville shows, operettas, high school plays, and community productions.
     Reizner operated both the People’s and the Lyric for a brief time, but eventually closed the smaller house.  Around the same time, he acquired South Bend’s Dime Theatre, which later was destroyed by fire.  After that he purchased Bale’s Opera House, which was renamed the South Bend Lyric.
     In 1920, the blossoming impresario built the larger Tokay Theatre, at a cost of $150,000.  The theatre had a seating capacity of 1,200.  Four years later he also built the South Bend Tokay Theatre, at a cost of $100,000.  In addition, he operated a small theatre in Lebam and managed the Grand Opera House in South Bend.
     Reizner was well known for his civic involvement,  and his sponsorship and aid to local young men.  He always hired high school students, and at the time of his death both Paul Schwegler and Bill Mason were employed at the Tokay Theatre.  One youth, Bernard Mulligan, Raymond class of 1924, had actually been adopted by Reizner.  He also paid all of young Mulligan’s college costs.  At the time of Reizner’s death, Mulligan was a sophomore at the University of Washington.
     Reizner died on April 13, 1927, at the Riverview Clinic hospital.  Close friend and Raymond  businessman Frank Nixon was named temporary administrator of the estate.  The Tokay theatres were closed for the week after Reizner’s death.
     In 1936, the Basil family purchased the South Bend and Raymond Tokay Theatres.  The South Bend Tokay was closed at the end of World War II, while the Raymond Tokay operated until the mid-1950s.
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Monte, Fred & Al Guglomo  (Photo courtesy Richard Guglomo.)
VII.  The Guglomo Family, An American Story
     The surname Guglomo is an Americanized version of Guglielmo Tognarelli’s first name.  Guglielmo and Armida (Baldasseroni) Tognarelli were married in 1894, in Ponte Buggianese (Tuscany), Italy.  In Raymond, they were known as Charles and Armida Guglomo.  There were eight children, two of whom never came to America:  Ada and Rosina, who were raised by their grandparents.  Two others were born in Italy, but did come to the U. S.:  Gemma (Jennie) and Mario Enrico (Monte).  The others were:  Alberto, Raymondo, Frederico, and Leta.
     Guglielmo Tognarelli came to America from Italy in ca. 1904, making his way from Ellis Island, across the country to Tacoma and finally to Little Falls, Washington.  (Little Falls became Vader in 1913).  Guglielmo had left his 28-year old wife Armida and three young daughters, Ada, Rosina, and Gemma, in their hometown of Ponte Buggianese.
     At Vader, Guglielmo struggled to earn the money to bring his family to America, and he often worked double shifts loading coal cars for the Northern Pacific Railway.  In 1905, probably in the first half of the year, he received a letter that Armida was ill, possibly with typhus.  Guglielmo returned to Ponte Buggianese, and in early 1906, a recovered Armida became pregnant with their fourth child and first son, Mario Enrico.
     Later that year, before Mario was born, Guglielmo returned to America.  Three years later, in Feburary 1909, Armida departed Italy for America with Guglielmo's brother, Gustantino, and three year old Mario.  Upon reaching her destination, Armida and her family established their home and prepared to save more money to send for Ada, Rosina, and Gemma.  When it was time for the three girls to come to America, only Gemma, the oldest, wanted to leave Italy, and consequently, Ada and Rosina stayed in Ponte Buggianese with their grandparents.  The two girls never came to America.
     In 1913, Gemma crossed the ocean in the company of five people from Genoa.  Two years after her arrival, at the age of 15, she gave birth to her first son, John.  She married Fred Pelligrini from Aberdeen.
     In 1914, the Tognarellis moved to Raymond when a Dr. Campbell sold them a First Street building that became the Venetian Gardens.  The building was two stories, and approximately 60 feet wide and well in excess of 100 feet long.  The family lived upstairs, and also rented rooms to as many as 14 people.  On the ground floor, the family operated a beer hall and restaurant.  The downstairs kitchen was large, 30 by 30 feet in size, and was located in the lower back of the building.
     The bar was separated from the dance floor by a lattice work, with two arches, one on each side of the building.  There were booths along each side of the dance floor.  A juke box provided the entertainment.  Unfortunately, the business was hindered by a series of state prohibition laws in the decade before the federal Volstead Act was enacted in January, 1919 outlawing the sale of beer and other alcohol.
     During Prohibition, nearly every saloon owner had turned to bootlegging.  Guglielmo, who sold a lot of illegal liquor and beer out of his kitchen, continued to do this for a number of years.  Eventually, the federal government made an effort to stop him.
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Click for a larger image
Leta Guglomo and Charley Guglomo (Guglielmo Tognarelli) at the Venetian Gardens bar.  (Photo courtesy Richard Guglomo.) Larger Image
     Daughter Leta believed that it was sometime in 1925 that Guglielmo lost an eye in a fracas in the restaurant.  According to grandson Richard Guglomo, one evening after the restaurant was closed and the doors were locked, there was a knock at the door.  Looking out the peep hole, Guglielmo recognized that two government agents were outside demanding to be let in.  Guglielmo said, “No. We are closed.”  The agents persisted.  He refused, and one of them kicked open the door.  The family believes that the other agent had a knife in his hand, and in the melee, Guglielmo was stabbed in the eye.
     The children later said that they thought the entire family was in the room watching, except for Mario.  Leta was six or seven years old when she watched as her father's eye fell out of it's socket and into his hand.  Immediately after he was stabbed, the agents left.  Albert went in search of Mario, who was old enough to drive his father to the hospital.  Mario and Albert angrily searched the entire town without locating the agents, but the family claimed that the two never showed their faces in town again.  Leta remembered that the agent who stabbed her father was blond and of medium build.  No charges were ever filed against Guglielmo.
Naturalization in 1944
     After living in the United States for more than forty years, Guglielmo finally became a U. S. citizen December 13, 1944.  Because he did not speak English well, Leta was with him at the hearing, and served as translator.
     When the judge asked a question, Leta translated the question into Italian.  At the same time, she would give her father the answer.  Then he would repeat to the judge what Leta had told him.  Leta later said that she thought that the judge knew full well what was going on.  According to the Certificate of Naturalization he was 70 years old, a white male, with brown eyes, gray hair, was 5 feet 8 inches tall, weighed 177 pounds, had a left glass eye, was married, and his former nationality was Italian.  He signed his certificate as Tognarelli Guglielmo (a reversal of his given name) on both the certificate and the picture.  To all his customers in Raymond, he was known as Charley Guglomo.
     Guglielmo died peacefully in his sleep in 1967, after being hospitalized in South Bend for about a month.  The cause of death was listed as pneumonia and old age.  The death certificate was signed by Deputy Clerk Rose Adams, for her boss, Verna Jacobson, who was the Pacific County Clerk for the Superior Court.
     Richard relates that on his grandfather’s Naturalization Certificate he signed his name Togniarelli Guglomo.  This is a misspelling as evidenced by his birth certificate which has his name as Tognarelli Guglielmo.  On the back of the certificate the clerk wrote:  "By order of the Court name changed from Tognarelli Guglielmo December 13, 1944, Verna Jacobson, Clerk."  Italian name usage is surname first, then the given name, Guglielmo.
     Richard also assumes that when his grandfather first came to Vader, the locals believed that his first name was Tognarelli and his last name was Guglielmo.  Somehow the Guglielmo got switched to Guglomo.  Richard remembers as a child that his grandfather was called Charley.
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Charley and Armida Guglomo and children Fred, Ray, Leta, Al, and Monte. (Photo courtesy Richard Guglomo.)  Larger Image
Family Tragedy
     On the morning of June 17, 1925, a family friend, Dan Kotino, took two of the Guglomo boys, Fred, 11, and Raymond, 15, on his launch, to spend a couple of days at the Kotino home in Tokeland.  Albert, Ray’s twin stayed home.
     After arriving in Tokeland, the boys borrowed a rifle intending to spend an hour target practicing along the beach.  According to Freddie, he was walking ahead of Ray when he was distracted by something behind him.  With the trigger cocked, Fred whirled quickly.  The bullet was discharged, striking his brother in the right side of his chest, penetrating to the heart, and lodging near the skin, two inches below the left arm pit.
     Freddie ran to the Kotino home for aid, but on his return with Dan Kotino, they found that Ray’s body was lifeless.  The boy was carried to the Kotino home and later that evening Kotino took the boy in his launch across the bay to the South Bend General Hospital.  The body was later removed to the Albro Dickinson Mortuary in Raymond.
     The twins had been born in Vader, but spent most of their lives in Raymond, where both had just completed the eighth grade.  Ray’s funeral was held at the Catholic Church with the Reverend Father Victor Couverette officiating.  The pall bearers were:  Edward Saling, Richard Springer, George Knight, Floyd Williams, and Chris Zambas.  Burial was in the family plot at Fern Hill cemetery.  Although his headstone reads he was born in 1911, he was actually born in 1910.
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Charley and son Albert Guglomo.  (Photo courtesy Richard Guglomo.) Larger Image
     Both Fred and Albert were deeply troubled by the accident for the remainder of their lives.  Leta later said that her parents shielded Freddie from the grief and funeral as much as possible, but that in retrospect it was probably not the right thing to do.  Fred may have been better able to handle his guilt had they been able to deal with the death openly.  Leta also said that her father never ate at the dinner table with the family after Ray was killed.  Guglielmo would eat in the kitchen at the counter while the others ate at the table.  Leta speculated that her father might have decided that if he could not eat with the entire family he would not eat with them at all.
     She also said that both Guglielmo and Armida forgave Fred many times before they died but it made no real difference to Fred, as he was tortured by the event all of his life.  Fred’s son Michael has also revealed that he talked to his father about it once but that Fred was too emotional to say much about the incident.
     Ray’s twin brother Albert was also tortured by losing his close sibling.  In later life, Albert exhibited signs of extreme mental instability.  Grandson Richard (son of Monte), who did the research on this story, has suggested that it is not uncommon for twins who have lost their siblings to experience emotional loss that is difficult heal.

Olive Clark (Mrs. Al) Guglomo, Leta Guglomo O'Brien Bayless, and Lucille Gudley (Mrs. Fred) Guglomo.  Olive is holding Richard Guglomo in this 1941 photo.  (Photo courtesy Richard Guglomo.)
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VIII.  Gus Asplund, The Mission Club and Raymond Baseball
     In the fall of 1995 this writer began to research a story that would appear in the Fall, 1996 Sou’wester.  It was a story about Raymond’s 1935 semi-pro baseball team that won the Timber League championship.  It was called “Those Saucy Seagulls,” a title borrowed from a 1937 Aberdeen World article about the Raymond club.
     A key to this story came from the interviews of two people, Leo Rubstello and Gus Asplund, Jr.  Leo was the batboy for the team, while Gus was a U.W. student, who helped with the management of the club.  Gus is gone now, but I am left with fond memories of meeting and reminiscing with each of them.  In my opinion, both Leo and Gus are giants when considering the local lore of Raymond sports.
     Gus loved to come to Bellevue, and eat a hearty lunch.  As we sat in the restaurant (we met several times, mainly to talk about the local history), I would turn on the tape recorder and let Gus talk.  The following is a good part of what was said, probably back in the spring of 1996.
     Bless you, Gus, for the time you spent telling me your memories of Raymond and that summer of 1935.
     “My given name is Helmer Asplund, but I’ve always gone as Gus Asplund, Jr. Dad, whose original name was Gus Liff, came to the U. S. from Sweden when he was fourteen years old, and he worked in the lumber camps of Minnesota for about four or five years and eventually became a timekeeper and ultimately managed one of the camps.  He worked for a fellow whose name was Asplund, and at some point Dad took the Asplund name.
     Dad got to Washington on one of these Northern Pacific “immigration trains” that they ran in those days.  At some point his brother had come out to Hoquiam, and after they got together, they ended up at Porter, where both of them had to walk some distance to apply for work.  By this time the soles of Dad’s shoes had worn out, and it was in the dead of winter.
     It was around this time that there was a flu epidemic going on, maybe around 1919.  Both my dad and his brother spent some time in the hospital and they didn’t have too much money.  They finally got jobs, but Dad’s heart was never in the logging business.  He wanted to get into something that was a little calmer.  He had saved his money and picked up and went to Raymond where he got into the clothing business on First and Commercial with a fellow named John Pulli, and another fellow named Carl Hjelmer.  Dad was the third man in this so-called partnership and he worked like a dog to make it go.  He told me that he wanted to learn, but it wasn’t profitable enough for two people, let alone three.  So he ended up buying a pool hall, the Mission Club, in the preprohibition days.  When he walked away from the clothing store he was able to take some of the logger clothing stock and he sold that in the pool hall— workmen’s clothing.  He enjoyed that.
     I think that a true test of Dad’s character was that during the war he had too big of a stock of hard pants.  When the OPA created a price ceiling, he could have raised the price, but he never did once.  He always said that, “I’m making my honest profit and that’s good enough for me.”
     I graduated from Raymond High in 1933, and started at the U. W. in 1934.  For a while in those years I worked for the Raymond Herald.  In fact, I was the sports editor after I got out of the University of Washington.  I would have stayed there, too, but I finally accepted a job with Seattle First National Bank.  I made the right decision, because I went to Seattle, where eventually I became a vice-president.  But my time in Raymond was with both the newspaper and the baseball club.  For me, those were great years.
     Dad had the Mission Club on First Street for a long time.  During the earlier years he brought his younger brother over from Sweden, and Axel ran the shop when Dad wasn’t there.  He knew Axel was 100 percent honest.  They had a good relationship, but when Dad was 67, Bussy (Dr. Bussabarger) called one day and told me that Dad had had a heart attack.  A year later he was still alive but he was in bed.  So, I stayed down there and did some work over at the Seafirst banks in Aberdeen and Hoquiam, while my wife and children stayed in Seattle.  I spent my nights at the house in Raymond, but in about a week he died.  I had the same problem later but back in those days they couldn’t do the bypass surgery.  After that, I was pretty much through with Raymond with Dad being gone.  My mother moved to Seattle and lived only a block away from us.  She was younger than Dad, and later she remarried and just died a few years ago.  So now I have a couple of cousins in Raymond, one in Tacoma.  And I have two daughters.
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Click for a larger image
This athletic banquet at The Shasta Café photo features a veritable “Who’s Who” of Raymond athletes of the era along with other members of the great baseball team.
They include at the left table:  Doc Owens, Al Somerville, Willie Hewson, Rudy Tollefson, Ed Rosentangle, Berle Garlick, Ray Odell, Pug Allen, Roy Chesterfield, Joe Trembly, Loris Baker, and Leo Rubstello (the bat boy).
Seated at the right table:
Mr. Freeman, Heine Hademann, Ed Adams, Walt Sinko, Matt Pavalunas, Gus Asplund Jr., and John Lavinder.
Larger Image
     Dad’s business was the Mission Club, which was on First Street.  You know, around 1920 First Street had about everything.  I remember I had a paper route, and I would sell my extra papers, so I would go to the houses of ill-repute to sell a few papers.  Everyone treated me beautifully, and paid me in cash.  Finest people in the world, for me.
     They had some real good people down there at that time.  Jim Weathers worked for Hap Long.  Then there were the Lapinskis, the Guglomos, and Fred Norman, a very strong Republican.  He died while he was a Congressman back in Washington, D. C.  His son Howard got into some trouble, and later died in a fire.  Howard had been with the Raymond Fire Department for a long time.
     I remember the Pete Rose meat market.  Good butchers.  There were some others, too, like Rogers, Louie Kochopulos, and they all got along with each other.  Greg John’s dad had a café next door to my dad’s place.  It was a very popular little cafe.  Typical Greek restaurant, the food was out of this world.  Served food to all those bachelors.  George was a very, very talented person.  He and my dad had become good friends.  Just an allround, good guy.  Married a nice lady, Hannah Jensen.  I recall Walt Sinko, who was a very fine athlete, and a good boxer.  He was challenging people all the time.
     The men who lived at the Lincoln Hotel would come around, and when I worked at the Mission Club, I served beer to those guys, and got to know them.  And between you and me, I learned how to play pool real well.
     Now, about that baseball team in 1935.  That team aspired for bigger and better things.  To begin with, the management was great—Doc Owens, John Lavinder, and I got to be associated with them.  At the time I was on summer vacation from the U.W. and working for the Herald.
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Matt Pavalunas
     Doc Owens was a fine person, and John Lavinder liked baseball.  John worked for the Willapa Electric Company, and had been involved in other teams.  John and Doc liked the same things, especially with that team.  Doc’s office was a popular place to meet, and the town merchants would donate, and they would get their company name on the back of the baseball jerseys.  If you paid your money you were part of it.
     We had some great out-of-town players.  It kind of started with Berle Garlick, who actually lived in Raymond in those days, but he knew a lot of guys.  He brought in Joe Trembly and his brother Ed Garlick.  Then there was Joey Mlachnik, who was a college kid from Tacoma.  The great ex-major leaguer George Burns was there for awhile.  Matt Pavalunas, who was between his junior and senior years at Raymond, was a gifted natural athlete.  Matt couldn’t hit like old George, but he could run faster.
     This ball club gave an outlet for guys like Eddie Rosentangle, who was a fine athlete.  We brought them all together.  Walt Sinko was there for awhile, too.  It was great.  It was hard to hold them together.  It amounted to a lot of money in those days.  Anyway, there was excitement.  On Sundays it was really something in town.  It was something.  It was the highlight of my life in those days.  I don’t have a very objective viewpoint.  Those were great summers for me.
     The mills helped a lot.  We got labor and money for lumber from the mills.  The field was the high school field, and it was sand.  It wasn’t as good as it could have been.  But it was as good as it could be, considering the situation in those days.  I remember we had guys who volunteered.  I remember standing on a pallet, as it was dragged around the field to level things out as best we could do.  Guys volunteered their labor, and we had unlimited use of the field in the summers.  I remember that Bill Boetchel was a hanger-on who did a lot of things for us.
     I did the PA announcing for the games.  I remember that Marion Felt was a pitcher from the U.W. who played for the Hoquiam (Grays Harbor) team.  We knew each well, and when we played Grays Harbor he would say to me, ‘Just shut up with that PA, and just tell them who’s up to bat.’  Marion knew me because I tried my luck with the U.W. baseball team.  I even pitched a game and Emmett Watson was my catcher.  I wasn’t that good, but I loved being out there.  Even at Raymond High, we played some tough teams.  For example, we played Seattle’s Franklin High.  It was a close one, but we finally lost the game.
     I got the UW team captain Willie Hewson to come down and be our shortstop.  Fast Willie.  I remember asking, ‘Willie, would you like to come down and play for Raymond’s Timber League team?’  He had his own car, and Doc and John paid him $25 a game.  That was good money in those days, and Willie got some other guys to come down with him.  He had a ball that summer.  First thing he did, was he got up to the plate and he grabbed that bat and did a drag bunt and streaked down to first base.  That got everyone excited.
     Loren Baker was one of our players.  Later on, his son Sam Baker was a football star at Oregon State.  In fact, Loren later became athletic director at Oregon State.  He was a top-flight person, and an ex-Coast League player.
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Pug Allen in high school.  Ed. Note:  Pug is well known to many Willapa Harbor fans because of his many, many years as a colorful high school referee.  (Doug Allen photo.)
     Some of these guys could have kept going in the Coast League, and higher than they ever did.  But there were reasons.  We were lucky at Raymond to get these really good guys.  And then we had our hometown guys on that team, like Ed Rosentangle; Matt Pavalunas, who was still in high school; and Pug Allen, who was a great ball player in those days.  Pug had a chance to move up to the Coast League.  He hit over 0.400 for us, and I don’t know, but I always wondered if it was fear of failure that held Pug back.
     Another great home grown athlete was Rob Schnee.  I remember how great an athlete Schnee was.  But he didn’t have the drive to go on with it.  He didn’t play on our baseball team that summer.  Torchy Torrance said Rob could have made it at the U.W.  He was a talented kid.  Great high school and college athlete, but that was it.”
     During one of our following meetings, Gus recalled other ballplayers who joined the Raymond club, such as former big league and Coast league pitcher Roy Chesterfield, and Tacoma imports Al Somerville and Rudy Tollefson.  I think that Ray O’Dell brought Chesterfield in.  Both of those guys had played for the Portland Beavers in the PCL.  Ray later became an administrator for the Raymond schools.
     In our last meeting, Gus reminisced about his mother, who maintained the family home on the Island.
 “I had the time of my life back in those days.  My mother thought it was terrible that I would get up and sing in front of people.  To her, that was showing off.  She would whisper, ‘Oh, you can’t do that.’  My mother was very talented, she could play the piano, she could sing.  She had talent coming out of her ears.  She only went through the 8th grade, and she always held that against herself.”
Bio Notes
     Leo Rubstello is not a big man, but he is a giant in the sports lore of Raymond High School.  Back in 1942, when he graduated, the state track meet was for all schools, no matter the size.  In that year, Leo won the state titles in the 100 and 220-yard dashes, and the long jump making Raymond the state champions.  (Behind the Gulls, in second place, were Vancouver and Gonzaga Prep.)  It was truly an achievement for the times.  Leo and his wife now live in retirement near Port Orchard.
     Matt Pavalunas, was one of Raymond’s all time sports stars.  During his senior year, Matt led his basketball team to a split with neighboring Valley High School.  The victory over Valley was the Vikings’ only loss of the season.  And that was the Valley team (96 students in the school) that won the 1936 State Basketball Tournament, defeating the likes of Walla Walla, Everett, Hoquiam, and Lewis & Clark.  Matt went on to play a vital role on the U. of Oregon’s “Tall Firs,” the team that won the first NCAA championship in 1939.
     Pug Allen, the Timber League batting champion of 1935 (0.417), is the father of the author.
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Valma Antilla Koven in this 1998 photo courtesy of Dorothy Antilla.
IX.  Valma Antilla Koven—A Daughter’s Story, Growing Up in a Finnish Boardinghouse
     Valma Koven’s mother and father, Tekla and Herman Antilla, owned two boardinghouses in Raymond, the Willapa House, and later the Lincoln Hotel.  Here is Valma’s story about her childhood home, the Lincoln Hotel, which was written several years ago.
     All of Mamma’s five brothers (Filis, Riku, Arvi, Hannes, and Vaino) and five sisters (Liina, Emma, Maija, Sikkri, and Anna) were brought to America by each helping to send money for the next one to come.  Mamma’s oldest sister, Liina, came first and started a boardinghouse.  She then sent for the next oldest sister, Emma, who came and worked for Liina.  Eventually, all the sisters and brothers came to America.  I have often wondered how my grandparents felt having all their children leave.  But America was the land of opportunity and the parents were poor.
     Liina, Maija, and my mother Tekla had boardinghouses.  Cooking was the way the sisters earned their living.  Then my mother, Tekla Ågren, married my father, Herman (Hempa) Anttila, which he later changed to Antilla.  I have often wondered why it was important to have two l’s and only one t in the name, but I never asked.  My folks bought their first boardinghouse—called the Willapa House—in Raymond with a one dollar down payment.  About three years later they sold the Willapa to buy the Lincoln Hotel building on First Street, the boardinghouse where I grew up.
     I have many memories of the hard work Mamma (who wanted to be called Mamma, not Aiti) did in the boardinghouse.  Mamma was only five feet tall but she could lift a hundred-pound sack of flour onto her shoulders and carry it six steps up to the kitchen where she had a big wood range with three ovens and a huge griddle.  She had to get up at 4 am to fire the stove, since wood was the fuel used and the loggers had to have an early breakfast, which usually consisted of mush (oatmeal), bacon, eggs, toast, pancakes, syrup, jam, and coffee.
     The dining room had six square tables, each seating eight people.  The men brought their dishes to the metal-covered kitchen table after breakfast.  Each then picked up his lunch bucket, which was always in the same spot.  After breakfast Mamma and her workers, the dishwashers and waitress, went upstairs to make the beds.
     On washdays, the towels and pillowcases were boiled in a huge kettle on top of the stove, but the sheets were sent out to be laundered.  Mamma handscrubbed the towels and pillow cases!  Ironing the pillow cases and sheets was done after lunch.  Her chores eased considerably when we bought a washing machine.
     After the room chores, Mamma would put a pot roast on the stove and then start baking the pies, cakes, and pullaa (Finnish coffee cake).  Pies were made daily but cakes and pullaa were usually only made once a week.  Mamma was happy in her work.  She would sing the current big hit song, such as “I’m sorry, dear, so sorry, dear that I made you cry” as she slapped the crust into the pie tin.  The tune may have been off key, but that didn’t matter, Mamma was happy.  After baking the pies, she and her helpers made the sandwiches for the next day’s lunch buckets carried by the loggers to their jobs.
     The mill workers ate lunch in the boardinghouse.  Lunch (or dinner, as it was called then) consisted of steamed potatoes, pot roast, two vegetables, salad, bread and butter (including hardtack), coffee, milk, buttermilk, and pie.  Each could eat as much as his heart (stomach?) desired!  The waitresses kept the serving platters full.  Even so, we served fewer people at lunch than at breakfast or supper.
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Click for a larger image
The Raymond General Hospital with staff posing before it was converted to the Lincoln Hotel.  (PCHS photo ) Larger Image
     Mamma caught a few winks after lunch and the waitresses and dishwasher had a couple of hours off.  I was eight years old and crazy about swimming.  One of the waitresses, Helen Hundis, often took me swimming in the Willapa River, since I wasn’t allowed to go alone.
     At four o’clock in the afternoon, Mamma had to fire the wood stove for supper.  And soon the aroma of whatever she was frying for the evening meal permeated the whole boardinghouse.  Supper was what we call dinner today.  There was always a dish of pork chops, meatballs, oysters, ham, or something of the same nature served with potatoes, vegetables, salad, bread, milk, and dessert.
     When the loggers came home—they did consider the boardinghouse home—they put their lunch buckets, which often were muddy, on the metal-covered kitchen table.  One of my early jobs was to place the washed buckets on the shelf above the stove to dry and then put the dried buckets on two long tables in the kitchen.
     Each bucket had to be placed on a particular spot to help Mamma put the right coffee thermos into the right bucket when the thermos bottles were added in the morning.  She remembered exactly how each man liked his coffee—black, sugar with cream, black and no sugar, cream and no sugar.  I still have no idea how she accomplished this feat.
     The coffee was made in a huge granite pot which had a pouring spout, with egg shells usually added to the grounds.  Mamma poured cold water into the pot and when the water began to boil, she turned the heat off.  She poured coffee into the thermos bottles, telling by the sound when a thermos was full.
     When I was older it became my job to fill each bucket with two sandwiches made the afternoon before, a glass cup filled with fruit, two hardboiled eggs, little cone, made by the dishwasher, which held salt, a piece of pie, and some fresh fruit, an apple, pear, orange, grapes, or a banana.  We catered to the preferences of each man.  One boarder who didn’t like fruit was always given an extra helping of beans, which he loved.
     Supper, also an “eat all you desire” meal, was served in the kitchen.  The desserts were laid out on a table which the men might eat at their leisure during the evening.  Hot coffee was always available from the pot on the stove.  Each boarder, however, had to wait on himself.
     The cost for all this food?  Room and board was $28 a month.  Breakfast, if bought separately, was 25 cents, dinner or supper was a little more, 35 cents.  And if a boarder missed a meal, Pappa would deduct the amount from the monthly bill.
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The Lincoln Hotel after its transformation from the Raymond General Hospital.  (PCHS photo 3-24-64-31)
     Mamma’s work wasn’t done even though the boarders were enjoying the evening dessert.  She had to prepare for the next morning’s breakfast by slicing the bacon from a big slab.  She would lay the slices into big pans to be put into the ovens in the morning and she had to prepare the pancake batter before retiring.  Her day, seven days a week, started at 4 am and ended at 11 pm, but I never heard her complain about the long hours.  She had no vacation, because she didn’t like to be away from the boardinghouse.
     In the summertime the loggers went on the “hoot owl” shift, which started at 4 am.  Mamma had to get up at 2 am then but she didn’t get a chance to return to bed because the mill workers had to have their breakfast shortly afterwards.
     Sunday was a more leisurely day since those loggers who had families out of town went home for the weekend.  Perhaps, it just seemed to be more leisurely since breakfast was served much later.  I thought Cream of Wheat was something special because it was not served on weekdays!  Sunday dinner was chicken and dumplings— yum!  I usually ate six or seven dumplings, which pleased Mamma very much because she thought I was too thin.  Mamma, of course, didn’t buy cut up chicken.  She started almost from scratch, with whole “undressed” chickens, which she cleaned and cut herself.
     I did not consider holidays, especially Thanksgiving and Christmas, great days of joy when I grew older.  Why? Well, I became a waitress and so many people, even from as far away as Olympia, would come to eat at our boardinghouse.  But I can’t blame them, even though I felt some resentment since we really didn’t make any money from them.  Adults paid only one dollar and children 50 cents for the holiday meal!  It was cheaper to eat in our boardinghouse than prepare the meal at home.
     Mamma’s life was not entirely devoted to the boardinghouse.  She loved the Finn Hall, called the Suomi Hall in Raymond.  It was her only real recreation.  She went every Saturday night if there was any event there—a play or a dance—and there usually was.
     All Finnish kids went to the hall with their parents.  There were no babysitters then.  And I, of course, went with Mamma.  Some of the kids at the hall were very small, but that didn’t matter.  When any kid pooped out, he was simply laid out on a bench and allowed to sleep.
     My Uncle Arvi usually played the piano, accordion, or the violin for the dances—three tunes to a round.  I, like the other kids, usually walked around the floor between rounds waiting for the music to begin again.

Another shot of the Lincoln Hotel with updated signage.  (PCHS photo 93-84-9.)
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     The Raymond Centennial History text was written by Doug Allen, with the exception of the Valma Antilla Koven story, “I Grew Up In A Finnish Boardinghouse.”  Also, the introductory story contains a long excerpt from Stewart Holbrook’s book, The Far Corner.  All the formatting and tough work for the issue was accomplished by PCHS President Steve Rogers.


     This work represents a lifetime of experiences and discussions with many folks.  Some were extended discussions, some were taped interviews, others were telephone calls, some go back a long time ago.  A few were within the past five years, others within the past six months.  Several of the people listed below are deceased.
  1. Walter Allen
  2. Ralph Antilla
  3. Gus Asplund, Jr.
  4. Rose Fillo Aust
  5. Bob Bailey
  6. Glenn Barber
  7. Paul Bennos
  8. John Betrozoff
  9. Fred Dracobly, Jr.
  10. Jack Fykerud
  11. Jim Garner
  12. Ethel Guglomo
  13. Richard Guglomo
  14. Gregory John
  15. Al Karlis
  16. Joe Krupa
  17. Pete Lapinski
  18. Delbert Nupp
  19. Alice Rise
  20. Clarence Rise
  21. Karen Rose
  22. Leo Rubstello
  23. Agnes Kolcz Samples
  24. Leta Guglomo Vasbinder
  25. Paul Willis
  26. Dave Wolfenbarger
  27. Tony Zambas
The work of the late Larry Weathers has always been a guiding light.


     None of this writer’s work would be possible if it were not for the Washington State Library at Tumwater.  Newspapers on microfilm, from the 1890s to the present are available:
  1. Raymond Herald
  2. Raymond Advertiser
  3. Willapa Harbor Pilot
  4. South Bend Journal
  5. Willapa Harbor Herald
Another person who was an inspiration for his records and reference work was the late Bob Bailey.  He still is, since all his works are in place at the Pacific County Museum.  There has also been much help over the years from the Pacific County Historical Museum.
     Dave Wolfenbarger and Joe Basil have much information to offer, but, unfortunately, this issue will not benefit from that material.  Hopefully, there will be a Raymond History that will appear in print within the next year and a half.  Dave and Joe’s knowledge will be of great importance in that publication.
     Steve Rogers has been immensely helpful with materials and photographs.  Actually, Steve’s work makes these issues possible.  Without him, The Sou’wester would not exist at this time.


  1. Thirteen Swedes
  2. Shoalwater Willapa
  3. WWII Airmen on Common Ground
    • All by Doug Allen
     The three books are for sale in several southwest Washington locations, including:
  1. The Pacific County Museum, South Bend
  2. Something Special Gift Shop, South Bend
  3. Independent Books, Long Beach
  4. Jack’s Country Store, Ocean Park
  5. Wahkiakum West, Rosburg
  6. Polson Museum, Hoquiam
Shoalwater Willapa can also be found in Seattle at the University Book Store, or in Kirkland, at Parkplace Books.  You can also contact the author at his website, email address, or mailing address:
Doug Allen
919 5th Avenue, #1
Kirkland, WA 98033
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Click for a larger image
Albert Guglomo stands in front of his Mobilgas station. See story on page ????  (Photo courtesy Richard Guglomo.) Larger Image
Pacific County Historical Society
PO Box P
South Bend, WA 98586

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